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Beh225 Appendix c

Beh225 Appendix c

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Published by Billy Mondragon

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Published by: Billy Mondragon on Jun 26, 2012
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 Axia College Material 
Appendix CBrain Response of Behavior 
Part I
Note: Parts II and III follow below, complete all three.
Run Multimedias 2.3 and 2.4
Go to the Web site
Click text:
Psychology: An Introduction
Click “2” on the select a chapter tool bar.
on the left hand
Select 2.3 and 2.4.Write a 350- to 700-word response to the following: Explain the communication process of neuronsin the brain. List some common neurotransmitters and describe their effect on behavior.<Insert Response Here
Neurons produce an electrochemical; they use this process tocommunicate. Neuron’s use dendrites to receive this communication from their neighbors, when enough of an electro chemical is received it produces n rapidcharge in the neuron. This change is called an action potential or nerve impulse,the charge causes a release of neurotransmitters which in turn pass a messageto the next neuron. The synapse is the location where the nerve impulse istransmitted, the neurons do not naturally touch there is a small divide called thesynaptic cleft. The neuron sending the messages is pre synaptic while they arereceiving is post synaptic. In the pre synaptic terminal buttons are sacs calledsynaptic vesicles, these sacs house the neurotransmitters which communicatewith other neurons. When they are released they travel across the synaptic cleftto the dendrite of the receiving neuron. The Nero transmitters then bind with
BEH 225
receptive shapes that fit their shape if there is an irregularity in the shapemessages will not be transmitted.Nero transmitters generally can be excitatory, cause nerve impulses or inhibitory hinder nerve impulses, some examples are dopamine andacetylcholine both of these affects motor neurons. Acetylcholine is and excitatoryhelping the transmission of neuron impulses while dopamine inhibits them,without a proper balance fine motor control would not be possible.
BEH 225
Part II
Refer to Ch. 2 (pp. 58-78) In
Psychology: An Introduction.
Write a 350- to 700-word response identifying the major regions of the brain and what functions of behavior the systems of each region control.
The brain is divided into 3 major regions, for the purpose of determiningbehavior the brain stem, limbic system and the cerebral cortex.The limbic system can be found deep in the brain surrounding the brainstem; It is made up of several different structures. The thalamus, the amygdala,the hippocampus and the hypothalamus are all examples of these structures, thelimbic system deals with fear hunger and sexual and aggressive arousal.The cerebral cortex is the largest area of the brain; the cerebral cortex isthe outer most part of the brain that is covered in wrinkles of convulsions to fit inthe skull. The cerebral cortex is responsible for controlling the light mentalprocesses. Such as learning memory thought and language. The cerebral cortexalso includes the frontal lobe which is involved with many aspects of a person’spersonality, Such as motivation and moral judgments. It is not an uncommon for a person with frontal lobe damage to undergo personality changes.The brain stem is located just above the spinal column and is responsiblefor many of the automatic function of the body necessary for survival. It is
BEH 225

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