3cally distinct aurae, as in the case of a link, e.g. reversing the orientation of a single linkcomponent.We used several diﬀerent sets of basis functions, including polynomials [
xyz
]
k
where [
xyz
]
k
indicates the usual set of products of powers of
x,y,z
of maximum degree
k
, and radial basisfunctions of the form
e
−
β
((
x
−
x
i
)
2
+(
y
−
y
i
)
2
+(
z
−
z
i
)
2
)
and (
α
+(
x
−
x
i
)
2
+(
y
−
y
i
)
2
+(
z
−
z
i
)
2
)
−
1
. Theradial basis functions
{
φ
i
}
are local functions anchored at
{
(
x
i
,y
i
,z
i
)
}
, where the anchorpoints are usually data points, but can be located anywhere in
P
3
. While polynomial basisfunctions have the disadvantage of increasing divergences away from the master link withthe addition of higher order terms, they can be computed quickly and simpliﬁed models canbe easily extracted by inspection. Radial basis functions that go rapidly to zero away fromtheir centers do not have the divergence problems of polynomials, but their computationis slower, and simple “lower order” models cannot be easily extracted. We set the totalnumber of sample points to 60
,
120 or 240, which could be distributed evenly, or unevenlybetween the components of the links if we wish to emphasize the contribution of one or morecomponents over the others.The nature of the vector ﬁelds generated is highly dependent on the type and number of basis functions used, the density and distribution of the data points, as well as the relationbetween the parameterization and orientation of the links, and the relation between theparameterization and the coordinate system in which the basis is written. A single masterlink can generate an inﬁnite number of diﬀerent vector ﬁelds and thus, potentially, an inﬁnitenumber of diﬀerent sets of auxiliary knots and links when the number of basis functions anddata points is ﬁnite.As an example, we can parameterize a circular unknot of radius 3 in the
xy
plane by
<
3sin
t,
3cos
t,
0
>
and ﬁt polynomial basis functions
{
1
,x,y,z
}
to obtain the diﬀerentialequations ˙
x
=
y,
˙
y
=
−
x,
˙
z
= 0, whose solution set is the set of circles of all radii, centered
x
=
y
= 0 in the planes
z
=
c
for
−∞
< c <
∞
. These knots are neutrally stable. When the“same” knot is rotated out of the plane by
π/
4 about the
y
axis, and a global vector ﬁeldis ﬁt to the basis functions
{
1
,x,y,z
}
then we get a set of attracting roughly circular cycleswith a small basin of attraction. If we build a vector ﬁeld from this same parameterizedcircle using basis functions
{
1
,x,y,z,x
2
,y
2
,z
2
,xy,xz,yz
}
, then we get a single attractingunknot with a small basin of attraction, and if the tilt about the
y
axis is
π/
5 rather than
π/
4 then there is an attracting ﬁxed point at the center of the knot. Doubling the number