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The Crowd_ a Study of the Popular Mind

The Crowd_ a Study of the Popular Mind

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Published by: Dominique A.M. Juntado on Jun 26, 2012
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Le Bon, Gustave. The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind
Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library|
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 About the electronic version
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind 
Le Bon, Gustave
Creation of machine-readable version: Charles KellerConversion to TEI.2-conformant markup: University of Virginia Library Electronic Text Center ca. 360kilobytesThis version available from the University of Virginia LibraryCharlottesville, Va.http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/modeng/modeng0.browse.html1995Note:Footnotes (some which extend over two pages) are moved from end of pages to end of paragraph cited andrenumbered successively.
 About the print version
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind 
Gustave Le Bon
The Macmillan Co.New York 1896The Criminology SeriesNote:Checked against University of Virginia library copy: HM 281 L53 1896Note:Gustave le Bon: {b. May 7, 1841 -- d. Dec 13, 1931} (note from Charles Keller)Spell-check and verification made against printed text.
Published: 1896
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mindhttp://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=BonCrow.sgm&image...1 of 1186/23/2012 2:09 AM
English nonfiction; prose Literature in Translation
 Revisions to the electronic version
August 1995 corrector Kelly TettertonAdded header; converted to minimal TEI tagging; Keller's encoding ("{non-ascii characters as well aspage numbers are in <> marks (see examples below). <SE> is the ascii encode for a `section sign,'; <o^> and<e^> = circumflex, <e'> = acute, <e!> =grave, <ae> = ae diphthong, <i:> and <u:> = umlaut.}) has beenconverted to entity references; removed unambiguous line-end hyphenation; spellchecked the text, andchecked Keller's bracketed comments
. Commercial use prohibited; all usage governed by our Conditions of Use:http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/conditions.html-
 In large Crown 8vo, Cloth, 6s. each.1. The Female Offender.
By Professor LOMBROSO.Edited, with Introduction, by W. DOUGLASMORRISON. Illustrated.
2. Criminal Sociology.
3. Juvenile Offender.
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-THE following work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds.The whole of the common characteristics with which heredity endows the individuals of a race constitutethe genius of the race. When, however, a certain number of these individuals are gathered together in a crowdfor purposes of action, observation proves that, from the mere fact of their being assembled, there resultcertain new psychological characteristics, which are added to the racial characteristics and differ from themat times to a very considerable degree.Organised crowds have always played an important part in the life of peoples, but this part has never beenof such moment as at present. The substitution of the unconscious action of crowds for the conscious activityof individuals is one of the principal characteristics of the present age.I have endeavoured to examine the difficult problem presented by crowds in a purely scientific manner --that is, by making an effort to proceed with method, and without being influenced by-
-opinions, theories, and doctrines. This, I believe, is the only mode of arriving at the discovery of some fewparticles of truth, especially when dealing, as is the case here, with a question that is the subject of impassioned controversy. A man of science bent on verifying a phenomenon is not called upon to concernhimself with the interests his verifications may hurt. In a recent publication an eminent thinker, M. Gobletd'Alviela, made the remark that, belonging to none of the contemporary schools, I am occasionally found inopposition of sundry of the conclusions of all of them. I hope this new work will merit a similar observation.To belong to a school is necessarily to espouse its prejudices and preconceived opinions.Still I should explain to the reader why he will find me draw conclusions from my investigations which itmight be thought at first sight they do not bear; why, for instance, after noting the extreme mental inferiorityof crowds, picked assemblies included, I yet affirm it would be dangerous to meddle with their organisation,notwithstanding this inferiority.The reason is, that the most attentive observation of the facts of history has invariably demonstrated to me
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