community economic development or minoritycommunities o Florida.”
A 501(c)(3) nonproit organization, FMCRC hasreceived $210,000 rom banks’ charitable oundationssince 2005. Specically, FMCRC accepted grants romCitigroup Foundation ($100,000), Wells Fargo Founda-tion ($100,000), and Wachovia Foundation ($10,000).
Strangely, in its 2007 tax return led with the InternalRevenue Service, the tax-exempt nonproit lists itsheadquarters as an address in Colts Neck, New Jersey.
The FMCRC wants oundation grants to be allocatedaccording to a sort o spoils system. The group draws inspira-tion rom the Greenlining Institute, its larger and betterestablished counterpart. Orson Aguilar, associate directoro the Greenlining Institute, explained during a radiointerview how such a redistribution system might work:
“We think that oundations have a lot o power insociety today. So what we want is to make sure thatoundation dollars are reaching our communities sothat we can be active decision-makers, discussion-makers, that we can be voters, that we can infuencethe democracy that we live in. So that’s basicallywhat we’re asking or, equal opportunities, equaldollar amounts.”
According to the FMCRC, there is a “gap” inoundation philanthropy in Florida “that not onlyaects minority amilies and communities, but all o Florida.” Mr. Pina made this statement in the preaceto “Philanthropic Investment in the Sunshine State,”a December 2008 report that FMCRC commissionedits much larger ideological counterpart, the Berkeley,Caliornia-based Greenlining Institute, to prepare.Among the report’s assertions:
“With the emerging global economy, resourceswill become more limited in scope and nature orminority communities and businesses. Florida is astate in which minority nonprots are decreasingservices, due to budget shortalls, when such servicesare needed to be expanded to meet greater socialneed. This in turn allows poverty, unemployment,crime and drug abuse to take a greater hold onunderserved minority communities in Florida.”
Although it would probably come as news to philanthro-pies across America that they’ve somehow orgotten to tryto reduce poverty and crime, Mr. Pina evidently disagrees,asserting that “oundations must play a leadership rolein reversing poverty and crime in our communities.”
“One o the most pressing challenges currently acingthe oundation sector is the need to actor diversity intoits impact metrics and giving priorities,” the Greenliningreport asserts.
“As the population o our country becomes morediverse, it is important that minority-led nonprotsthrive in order to create empowerment or minoritycommunities. Foundations play a critical role in thesuccess o these organizations; by investing in themoundations would give these organizations moreopportunity to grow and ulll their missions.”
A table on page 4 o the report shows Florida’s 10 largestoundations (as measured by assets) and the percentageo grants given by those oundations to minority-ledorganizations. And here’s the rub. While most Americanswould think “minority-led” means something along thelines o “headed or run by a member o a minority group,”the study’s authors – a Greenlining “summer researchassociate” and two interns, according to page 6 -- oer adenition seemingly calculated to skew the results.Greenlining’s dicult-to-meet standard holds that “aminority-led organization” is one in which
• 50 percent or more of the organization’s staff consists
• 50 percent or more of the organization’s board of
directors consists o minorities, and
• The mission and programs of the organization are
aimed predominantly towards communities o color.It’s worth noting that o the 10 oundations examinedin the study, only one, the Jessie Ball DuPont Fund,agreed to participate in the study and so the data setsthroughout the brie report are riddled with holes. Notone o the 10 philanthropies is deemed to be a bona de“minority-led organization.” Presumably, inormationon grant recipients is easier to nd because the reportindicates that six o the philanthropies gave money to“minority-led organizations.”The question o whether these private grant-makers
help minorities isn’t even examined in the report. Theonly thing that matters to the Greenlining Institute is therace and ethnicity o the oundation’s sta, directors, andgrant recipients.Greenlining appears to have begun with preconceived