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State of Hawaii vs. Christopher Deedy -- Part 2

State of Hawaii vs. Christopher Deedy -- Part 2

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Defendant Christopher Deedy's Motion for Order Granting Defendant Leave to File Notice of Removal; Memorandum in Support of Motion; Declaration of Brook Hart; Exhibit A; Certificate of Service -- second half of document
Defendant Christopher Deedy's Motion for Order Granting Defendant Leave to File Notice of Removal; Memorandum in Support of Motion; Declaration of Brook Hart; Exhibit A; Certificate of Service -- second half of document

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Published by: Honolulu Star-Advertiser on Jun 27, 2012
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07/10/2013

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theshotswerefired,begantorecordtheeventsonhiscellphonevideocamera.Id.The"Maisch"cellphonevideowasobtainedbyboththeprosecutionandthedefenseanddisclosedbybothpartiesindiscovery.Id.Aftergettinghisbearings,SpecialAgentDeedythenimmediatelybegantoadministeraidtoEldertsinanattempttosavehislife.Id.Indoingso,SpecialAgentDeedyusedhispocketknifetocutawayElderts'undershirttodeterminethenumberandlocationofgunshotwoundsandtorenderaiduntilassistancearrived.Id.SpecialAgentDeedycontinuedtorenderaidaspolice("HPD")andparamedicsarrivedonthescene,doingeverythinghecouldtosaveElderts.Id.SpecialAgentDeedydidnotstoprenderingaiduntilparamedicstookover.Id.AsSpecialAgentDeedystoodupfromhiseffortstorenderaidHPDofficersdetainedhim.Id.SpecialAgentDeedytoldthemthathehaddonetheshooting,andwheretheweaponwasholsteredonhisperson.Id.Immediatelyfollowingtheincident,WesttookGutowskitotheirnearbyresidencetoexamineandcleanhiswounds.Decl,ofBrookHartat~17.Shortlythereafter,WestdroveGutowskitotheemergencyroomatQueensMedicalCenter("QMC").Id.Gutowski'sinjuriesincludedalargelacerationtohisscalpandcontusionsandhematomatohisforeheadandface.Id.SpecialAgentDeedywastakentoQMCbyHPDfollowingtheincident.Id.AccordingtothemedicalrecordsfromQMC,intheincidentSpecialAgentDeedysufferedabrokennose,traumaandabrasionstohisface,andreportedpaintohisjawandear.HPDphotographstakenatthehospitalalsoshowabrasionsonSpecialAgentDeedy'sbackandelbows.Id.
II.THEAPPLICABLELEGALSTANDARD
Thefederalofficerremovalstatute,28U.S.C.§1442,provides,inpertinentpart,that:(a)AcivilactionorcriminalprosecutionthatiscommencedinaStatecourtandthatisagainstordirectedtoanyofthefollowingmayberemovedbythemtothedistrictcourtoftheUnitedStatesforthedistrictanddivisionembracingtheplacewhereinitispending:
9
 
(1)...anyofficer(oranypersonactingunderthatofficer)oftheUnitedStatesoranyagencythereof,suedinanofficialorindividualcapacity,fororrelatingtoanyactundercolorofsuchofficeoronaccountofanyright,titleorauthorityclaimedunderanyActofCongressfortheapprehensionorpunishmentofcriminalsorthecollectionoftherevenue.Thefederalofficerremovalstatuteserves"toprotecttheintegrityoffederalgovernmentaloperationsbyprovidingafederalforuminthefirstinstanceforcaseswhereinfederalofficialsmustraisedefensesarisingfromtheirofficialduties."Willinghamv.Morgan,395U.S.402,405(1969);accordDurhamv.LockheedMartinCorp.,445F.3d1247,1252(9thCir.2006);Arizonav.Manypenny,451U.S.232,241(1981)."Oneoftheprimarypurposesoftheremovalstatute-asitshistoryclearlydemonstrates-wastohavesuchdefenseslitigatedinthefederalcourts."Willingham,395U.S.at407.TheSupremeCourtreadthestatutebroadlytoeffectuatethisintendedpurpose.Seeid.(opiningthatbecause"Congresshasdecidedthatfederalofficers...requiretheprotectionofafederalforum,"thispolicy,whichunderlies§1442(a)(1),"shouldnotbefrustratedbyanarrow,grudginginterpretationof[thatstatute]");UnitedStatesv.Penn.Env.HearingBd.,377F.Supp.545,553(M.D.Pa.1974)(federalofficerremovalstatute"mustbeliberallyconstrued[,][0]therwise,federalofficersmaybepreventedfromhavingtheircasesheardinafederalforum...").Toestablishjurisdiction,theSupremeCourtrequiresthatdefendantsremovingunder28U.S.C.§1442(a)(1)allegeacolorablefederaldefense.Mesav.California,489U.S.121,129(1989)."Byraisingacolorablefederaldefenseinhisremovalpetition,thedefendant-officialtransformstheotherwisenonremovablestatelawactionintoonethatfallswithinthefederalcourt's'arisingunder'jurisdiction."Jamisonv.Wiley,14F.3d222,239(4thCir.1994).Thisrequirement,however,doesnotobligeafederalofficertoprovethathewillprevailonhisfederaldefenseinordertobeentitledtoremoval.Willingham,395U.S.at407("Theofficer10
 
neednotwinhiscasebeforehecanhaveitremoved.");UnitedStatesv.Todd,245F.3d691,693(8thCir.2001)("Foradefensetobeconsideredcolorable,itneedonlybeplausible");Torresv.CBSNews,854F.Supp.245,247-48(S.D.N.Y.1994)(avermentofimmunityissufficientforremovaleventhoughthebulkofauthorityweighsagainstthesuccessofthedefense).Indeed,oneoftheprimarypurposesofthefederalofficerremovalstatuteistoprotectfederalofficersbyallowingthemtohavethevalidityofthefederaldefenseofimmunitydeterminedinafederalcourt.Willingham,395U.S.at407.ApartyassertingaplausibleentitlementtoSupremacyClauseimmunitypresentsacolorablefederaldefense.CityofJacksonv.Jackson,235F.Supp.2d532(S.D.Miss.2002);PuertoRicov.TorresChaparro,738F.Supp.620,622-23(D.P.R.1990).
III.SPECIALAGENTDEEDYISENTITLEDTOREMOVAL
Asamatteroflaw,SpecialAgentDeedyisentitledtoremovalifhecanshowthatheisafederalofficer,heisbeingprosecutedforanactthatwasperformedundercolorofoffice,andheallegesacolorablefederaldefense.Alloftheconditionsforremovalaresatisfiedhere.Therefore,removalofthiscaseisproper.
A.SpecialAgentDeedyisaFederalOfficer
TherecanbenodisputethatSpecialAgentDeedyisanofficeroftheUnitedStates,ascontemplatedinthefederalofficerremovalstatute.HeisemployedasaspecialagentoftheBureauofDiplomaticSecurity,thelawenforcementarmoftheUnitedStatesDepartmentofState,andhasbeensoemployedsinceJuneof2009.Decl.ofBrookHartat~18.Heis,therefore,an"officeroftheUnitedStates."11

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