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Published by Hazel Marie Echavez

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Published by: Hazel Marie Echavez on Jun 27, 2012
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Name: Hazel Marie O. Echavez Date: June 27, 2012Course and Year: BSN-3C Class Schedule: TTh (1:00-3:00) Rm327Teacher: Mr. Duenas, Ryan Max
METHODS OF GATHERING DATA
METHOD DESCRIPTION USEFUL TIPS1. Interviews with:
 
Management
 
Exemplars
 
WorkersInterviews are conductedone-on-one or with a smallgroup (the smaller the betterso that everyone has achance to contribute fully).Interviews can be usedthroughout the datagathering process, but theyare perhaps most usefulduring the performanceanalysis stage, when youare trying to determine whatthe real performancedeficiency is. Although theprocess is time-consuming,it is useful because you cangather specific informationand ask follow-up questionsto get more detail on itemsof particular interest.1. Write down yourquestions before theinterview and give themto the person(s) beinginterviewed, if possible2. Decide beforehand howyou want to documentthe information yougather3. Consider videotaping theinterview so that youhave a record to refer tolater4. Put the persons beinginterviewed at ease bytelling them the purposeof the interview and howyou will use what theytell you5. When appropriate,assure them that whatthey say will be keptconfidential
Panels of Experts
Panels of experts are usedto get the collectiveobservations and opinions of
the “best of the breed.” They
are particularly useful whenthere is not one correctsolution or procedure (e.g.,conducting a goal analysis).1. Make sure that eachparticipant is truly anexpert2. Let participants knowwell in advance what youexpect of them and givethem time to prepare3. Focus the discussion onthe topic at hand andkeep participants ontrack4. Document your panel just as well as you
 
Name: Hazel Marie O. Echavez Date: June 27, 2012Course and Year: BSN-3C Class Schedule: TTh (1:00-3:00) Rm327Teacher: Mr. Duenas, Ryan Max
METHODS OF GATHERING DATA
documented interviews
Observations
Direct observation of workperformance is an excellentmeans of gathering data.Observations are usuallydone in conjunction withanother data gatheringmethod that is used to fill inthe gaps and answerquestions.1. Make sure to arrangeyour observations well inadvance and getpermission frommanagement2. Let workers know whyyou are observing them3. If possible, have anexpert with you who cantell you what to look for4. Videotaping observationsessions works well if itis permitted
Surveys
 
Formal
 
Informal
 
Surveys are used when youwant to gather data from alarge number of people andwhen it is impractical tomeet them all face to face.Surveys can be both formal(where the results aresubject to statisticalreliability and validity) andinformal (where results areanecdotal). In thedeveloping-worldreproductive health context,there are relatively fewcommercially designedinstruments. AlthoughPRIME might be able todesign some generic surveyinstruments, the uniqueproblems and countrydifferences might limit theirusefulness. Clearly, it is1. Decide up-front if youneed to base yourconclusions onstatistically valid andreliable data. If so,consult an expert to helpdetermine your samplegroup, method of datacollection and how youwill compute your results2. It is best to usecommercially designedinstruments, if they areavailable. They savedevelopment time, andthey have been tested toensure they work3. If you must design yourown survey, make sureyou try it out on asample group from the

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