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Introduction to Modulation and Demodulation

Introduction to Modulation and Demodulation

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Published by Apoorv Goel

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Published by: Apoorv Goel on Jun 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/27/2012

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EEE2009Communications
Contents
 –
Introduction to Communication Systems
 –
Analogue Modulation
AM, DSBSC, VSB, SSB, FM, PM, Narrow band FM, PLL Demodulators, and FLL Loops
 –
Sampling Systems
Time and Frequency Division multiplexing systems, Nyquist Principle, PAM, PPM, and PWM.
 –
Principles of Noise
Random variables, White Noise, Shot, Thermal and Flicker Noise, Noise in cascadeamplifiers
 –
Pulse Code Modulation
PCM and its derivatives, Quantising Noise, and Examples
 –
Digital Communication Techniques
ASK, FSK, PSK, QPSK, QAM, and M-ary QAM.
 –
Case Studies
Spread Spectrum Systems, Mobile radio concepts, GSM and Multiple Access SchemesMobile radio
 
Recommended Text Books
“An introduction to Analogue and Digital communication”, Haykin
(Wiley)
“Communication Systems”, Carlson (McGraw & Hill)
 
“Information, Transmission, Modulation and Noise”, Schwartz
(McGraw & Hill)
“Analogue and Digital Communication Systems”, Raden (Prentice
-Hall)
“Communication Systems”, Haykin (Wiley)
 
“Electronic Communication Techniques”, Young (Merril
-Publ)
 
Introduction to Modulation andDemodulation
The purpose of a communication system is to transfer information from a source to a destination.In practice, problems arise in baseband transmissions,the major cases being:
Noise in the system
 –
external noiseand circuit noise reduces thesignal-to-noise (S/N) ratio at the receiver(Rx) input and hence reduces thequality of the output.
Such a system is not able to fully utilise the available bandwidth,for example telephone quality speech has a bandwidth
3kHz, aco-axial cable has a bandwidth of 100's of Mhz.
Radio systems operating at baseband frequencies are very difficult.
Not easy to network.

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