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73563241-Kanalizasyon-Projesi-EÄŸitim-Semineri

73563241-Kanalizasyon-Projesi-EÄŸitim-Semineri

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Published by civilyas

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Published by: civilyas on Jun 27, 2012
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11/22/2012

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T.C.MERS
İ
N
 İ
L
 
ÖZEL
İ
DARES
İ
 
KANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
PROJES
İ
VE
 
PAKET
 
ARITMA
 
S
İ
STEMLER
İ
H
İ
ZMET
İ
Ç
İ
E
Ğİ
T
İ
M
 
SEM
İ
NER
İ
 
(Belediye
 
s
ı
n
ı
rlar
ı
 
d
ı
ş
ı
ndaki
 
yerle
ş
im
 
yerleri
 
için
 
uygulamalar)
 
Y
ı
lmaz
 
K
İ
L
İ
M
 
11
22.10.2010
 
MERS
İ
N
 
 
 
İ
Ç
İ
NDEK
İ
LER
ÇEVRE
 
K
İ
RLENMES
İ
.............................................................................................................................................
 
1
 
SULARIN
 
K
İ
RLENMES
İ
.........................................................................................................................................
 
2
 
K
İ
RLENMEM
İŞ
B
İ
R
 
S
UYUN
 
F
İ
Z
İ
KSEL
 
VE
 
K
İ
MYASAL
 
Y
APISI
 
........................................................................................................
 
4
 
K
İ
RLET
İ
C
İ
LER
İ
N
 
E
TK
İ
LER
İ
 
..................................................................................................................................................
 
4
 
Z
EH
İ
RL
İ
K
İ
RLET
İ
C
İ
LER
 
......................................................................................................................................................
 
6
 
K
ATI
 
M
ADDELER
 
...........................................................................................................................................................
 
6
 
O
RGAN
İ
K
 
M
ADDELER
 
.....................................................................................................................................................
 
6
 
S
ICAKLIK
 
K
İ
RLENMES
İ
 
.....................................................................................................................................................
 
8
 
Y
A
Ğ
LAR
 
.......................................................................................................................................................................
 
8
 
B
ES
İ
M
ADDELER
İ
(N
UTR
İ
ENTLER
)
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
9
 
O
RGAN
İ
ZMALARIN
 
K
İ
RLENME
 
Ü
ZER
İ
NE
 
E
TK
İ
S
İ
 
.....................................................................................................................
 
9
 
K
İ
RLET
İ
C
İ
PARAMETRELER
İ
N
 
ÖZELL
İ
KLER
İ
...........................................................................................................
 
9
 
B
İ
YOK
İ
MYASAL
 
O
KS
İ
JEN
 
İ
HT
İ
YACI
 
(BO
İ
)
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
9
 
K
İ
MYASAL
 
O
KS
İ
JEN
 
İ
HT
İ
YACI
 
(KO
İ
)
 
.................................................................................................................................
 
10
 
T
OPLAM
 
A
ZOT
 
............................................................................................................................................................
 
11
 
ÖRNEK
 
ALMA
 
VE
 
SAKLAMA
 
YÖNTEMLER
İ
.........................................................................................................
 
11
 
Ö
RNEK
 
T
OPLAMA
 
Y
ÖNTEMLER
İ
 
......................................................................................................................................
 
12
 
Ö
RNE
Ğİ
N
 
S
AKLANMASI
 
.................................................................................................................................................
 
13
 
YASAL
 
VE
 
TEKN
İ
K
 
DÜZENLEMELER
 
....................................................................................................................
 
16
 
2872
 
S
AYILI
 
Ç
EVRE
 
K
ANUNU
 
........................................................................................................................................
 
16
 
3202
 
S
AYILI
 
K
ÖYE
 
Y
ÖNEL
İ
K
 
H
İ
ZMETLER
 
H
AKKINDA
 
K
ANUNU
 
...............................................................................................
 
16
 
5302
 
S
AYILI
 
İ
L
 
Ö
ZEL
 
İ
DARES
İ
K
ANUNU
 
............................................................................................................................
 
16
 
S
U
 
K
İ
RL
İ
L
İĞİ
K
ONTROLÜ
 
Y
ÖNETMEL
İĞİ
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
16
 
K
ENTSEL
 
A
TIKSU
 
A
RITIMI
 
Y
ÖNETMEL
İĞİ
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
18
 
S
U
 
K
İ
RL
İ
L
İĞİ
K
ONTROLÜ
 
Y
ÖNETMEL
İĞİ
H
AVZALARDA
 
Ö
ZEL
 
H
ÜKÜMLER
 
B
EL
İ
RLEME
 
Ç
ALI
Ş
MALARINA
 
İ
L
İŞ
K
İ
N
 
U
SUL
 
VE
 
E
SASLAR
 
T
EBL
İĞİ
18
 
S
U
 
K
İ
RL
İ
L
İĞİ
K
ONTROLÜ
 
Y
ÖNETMEL
İĞİ
İ
DAR
İ
U
SULLER
 
T
EBL
İĞİ
 
.............................................................................................
 
18
 
S
U
 
K
İ
RL
İ
L
İĞİ
K
ONTROLÜ
 
Y
ÖNETMEL
İĞİ
N
UMUNE
 
A
LMA
 
VE
 
A
NAL
İ
Z
 
M
ETODLARI
 
T
EBL
İĞİ
 
............................................................
 
18
 
A
TIKSU
 
A
RITMA
 
T
ES
İ
SLER
İ
T
EKN
İ
K
 
U
SULLER
 
T
EBL
İĞİ
 
...........................................................................................................
 
19
 
K
ANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
P
ROJELER
İ
T
EKN
İ
K
 
U
YGULAMA
 
Ş
ARTNAMES
İ
 
................................................................................................
 
19
 
SU
 
K
İ
RL
İ
L
İĞİ
KONTROLÜ
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
19
 
S
U
 
T
EM
İ
N
İ
 
.................................................................................................................................................................
 
20
 
K
ULLANILMI
Ş
S
ULARIN
 
M
EYDANA
 
G
EL
İŞİ
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
20
 
K
ULLANILMI
Ş
S
ULARIN
 
U
ZAKLA
Ş
TIRILMASI
 
........................................................................................................................
 
20
 
KANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
TES
İ
SLER
İ
.................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
B
İ
RLE
Şİ
K
 
S
İ
STEM
..........................................................................................................................................................
 
21
 
Birle
ş
ik 
 
Sistemin
 
 Avantajla
ı
 
ve
 
Dezavantajlar 
ı
:
 
................................................................................................
 
22
 
A
YRIK
 
S
İ
STEM
 
.............................................................................................................................................................
 
22
 
 Ayr 
ı
 
Sistemin
 
 Avantajlar 
ı
 
ve
 
Dezavantajlar 
ı
:
 
....................................................................................................
 
23
 
K
ISMEN
 
A
YRIK
 
S
İ
STEM
 
..................................................................................................................................................
 
23
 
H
İ
DROL
İ
K
 
HESAP
 
..............................................................................................................................................
 
23
 
A
TIKSU
 
M
İ
KTARI
 
.........................................................................................................................................................
 
23
 
N
ÜFUS
 
H
ESABI
 
...........................................................................................................................................................
 
24
 
K
ANALLARA
 
G
ELEN
 
K
ULLANILMI
Ş
S
U
 
D
EB
İ
LER
İ
 
..................................................................................................................
 
24
 
K
ANALLARDA
 
M
AKS
İ
MUM
 
VE
 
M
İ
N
İ
MUM
 
H
IZLAR
 
...............................................................................................................
 
24
 
K
ANALLARDA
 
M
AKS
İ
MUM
 
VE
 
M
İ
N
İ
MUM
 
E
Ğİ
MLER
 
............................................................................................................
 
25
 
Sokak 
 
ğ
imi,
 
Minimum
 
Kanal 
 
ğ
iminden
 
Küçükse
 
(J
s
<J
 )
 
..................................................................................
 
25
 
Sokak 
 
ğ
imi,
 
Minimum
 
ve
 
Maksimum
 
Kanal 
 
ğ
imi 
 
 Aras
ı
ndaysa
 
(min
 
 J
 
 
 J
s
 
 
max 
 
 J
 )
 
.....................................
 
26
 
Sokak 
 
ğ
imi,
 
Kanal 
 
ğ
iminden
 
Büyükse
 
(J
s
>J
 )
 
...................................................................................................
 
26
 
 
 
D
OLULUK
 
O
RANLARI
 
....................................................................................................................................................
 
26
 
K
ANALLARIN
 
M
İ
N
İ
MUM
 
B
OYUTLARI
 
................................................................................................................................
 
26
 
M
İ
N
İ
MUM
 
VE
 
M
AKS
İ
MUM
 
K
ANAL
 
D
ER
İ
NL
İ
KLER
İ
 
...............................................................................................................
 
26
 
M
UAYENE
 
B
ACASI
 
A
RALIKLARI
 
.......................................................................................................................................
 
27
 
T
ERS
 
S
İ
FONLAR
 
...........................................................................................................................................................
 
27
 
B
ORU
 
Ç
API
 
S
İ
M
İ
 
......................................................................................................................................................
 
27
 
KANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
ÖZEL
 
YAPILARI
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
37
 
B
ACALAR
 
(M
ENHOL
)
 
....................................................................................................................................................
 
37
 
Muayene
 
Bacalar 
ı
 
..............................................................................................................................................
 
37 
 
Ş
ütlü
 
Bacalar 
 
(Dü
ş
ü
 
Bacalar 
ı
 )
 
............................................................................................................................
 
37 
 
ı
kama
 
Bacalar 
ı
 
.................................................................................................................................................
 
37 
 
P
ARSEL
 
B
ACASI
 
...........................................................................................................................................................
 
42
 
KANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
PROJELER
İ İ
Ç
İ
N
 
PLAN
 
ÖRNE
Ğİ
..................................................................................................
 
45
 
KANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
PROJELER
İ İ
Ç
İ
N
 
BOYKES
İ
T
 
ÖRNE
Ğİ
...........................................................................................
 
46
 
KANAL
İ
ZASYON
 
TES
İ
SLER
İ
NDE
 
KULLANILACAK
 
Ç
İ
Z
İ
M
 
ESASLARI
 
.........................................................................
 
47
 
ATIKSU
 
KANALLARINININ
 
EN
 
KES
İ
T
Ş
EK
İ
LLER
İ
....................................................................................................
 
48
 
D
A
İ
RE
 
K
ES
İ
TL
İ
K
ANALLAR
 
..............................................................................................................................................
 
48
 
Y
UMURTA
 
K
ES
İ
TL
İ
K
ANALLAR
 
.........................................................................................................................................
 
48
 
A
ÇIK
 
K
ES
İ
TL
İ
K
ANALLAR
 
................................................................................................................................................
 
48
 
B
ASIK
 
P
ROF
İ
LL
İ
K
ANALLAR
 
.............................................................................................................................................
 
48
 
BETON
 
BORULAR
 
..............................................................................................................................................
 
49
 
PLAST
İ
K
 
(KOR
İ
GE
KORUGE)
 
BORULAR
 
...............................................................................................................
 
51
 
KANALLARA
 
GELEN
 
YÜKLER
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
52
 
KAZI
DOLGU
 
HESAPLARI
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
58
 
ATIKSU
 
ARITMA
 
YÖNTEMLER
İ
..........................................................................................................................
 
60
 
S
TAB
İ
L
İ
ZASYON
 
H
AVUZLARI
 
...........................................................................................................................................
 
61
 
A
KT
İ
F
 
Ç
AMUR
 
.............................................................................................................................................................
 
62
 
D
AMLATMALI
 
F
İ
LTRE
 
....................................................................................................................................................
 
63
 
D
ÖNEN
 
B
İ
YOLOJ
İ
K
 
R
EAKTÖRLER
 
(B
İ
YOD
İ
SK
)
 
......................................................................................................................
 
64
 
P
AKET
 
(P
RE
E
NG
İ
NEERED
)
 
S
İ
STEMLER
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
65
 
A
TIKSU
 
A
RITMA
 
T
ES
İ
SLER
İ
N
İ
N
 
Ç
ALI
Ş
MA
 
V
ER
İ
M
İ
VE
 
E
KONOM
İ
S
İ
 
:
 
.......................................................................................
 
69
 
İ 
n
ş
aat 
 
Maliyetleri 
 
...............................................................................................................................................
 
69
 
ı
ll 
ı
İş
letme
 
ve
 
Bak 
ı
m
 
Maliyetleri 
 
.....................................................................................................................
 
69
 
DO
Ğ
AL
 
ARITMA
 
................................................................................................................................................
 
70
 
D
O
Ğ
AL
 
A
RITMA
 
Y
ÖNTEMLER
İ
 
........................................................................................................................................
 
70
 
Stabilizasyon
 
Havuzlar 
ı
 
......................................................................................................................................
 
72
 
 Arazide
 
 Ar 
ı
tma
 
Sistemleri 
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
75
 
Sulakalan
 
Sistemleri 
 
...........................................................................................................................................
 
78
 
Yapay 
 
Sulakalanlarda
 
Kirletici 
 
Giderim
 
Mekanizmalar 
ı
 
.....................................................................................
 
79
 
Kirleticilerin
 
Giderimi 
 
.........................................................................................................................................
 
81
 
Yapay 
 
Sulakalanlar 
ı
n
 
Dünyadaki 
 
Uygulamalar 
ı
 
.................................................................................................
 
84
 
KAYNAKLAR
 
.....................................................................................................................................................
 
86
 

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