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918216 Polarization 1

918216 Polarization 1

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Published by: p k soni on Jun 27, 2012
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12/01/2012

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Polarisation of light
The polarisation of light is scarcelydiscernable with our eyes
Polarisation describes the behaviour of the electricfield associated with light
types of polarisation are
linear
,
elliptical
,
circular
,
unpolarised
Remember that in isotropicmaterials, light is atransverse wave
 Directionof travelPlane of electricfield
zxy
 
Linear polarisation
The direction of the electricfield at a point stays constantin time
its direction is the
direction of linear polarisation
its components along the x andy axes must always stay in step
mathematically, the 2 components of 
E
at point zalong the wave can be written
 
θ
 
zxyE
Directionof travelLinearly polarised light
( ) ( )( ) ( )
kz  E  z  E  kz  E  z  E 
oy yox x
ω=ω=
cos,cos,
 
A note on components of 
E
E
, the electric field, hasa direction and a size
it is a
vector
, like adisplacement
Every electric field of magnitude E
o
has
components,
E
ox
and E
oy
the sizes of the components depend onthe angle
θ
 between E
o
and the
x
axis
Polaroid transmits the component of 
E
along itsaxis (see later)
xy
E
oy
E
ox
E
o
E
ox
along
x
 +E
oy
along
y
 is equivalent toE
o
θ
( )( )
θ=θ=
sincos
ooyoox
 E  E  E  E 

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