Ballast water treatment systems© Lloyd’s Register September 2010
These guidance notes provide advice to shipowners and operators who arepreparing to install ballast water treatment systems on their ships. Theyhave been developed as a complement to the Lloyd’s Register Ballast WaterTreatment Technology guide. The guidance reflects the current status of theIMO regulations and provides some recommendations that will help ownersprepare their ships and ensure that they remain compliant.
Background to the Ballast Water Management Convention
The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has developed the InternationalConvention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments(the BWM Convention) to regulate discharges of ballast water and reduce the risk ofintroducing non-native species. The Convention will require ballast water treatmentto be used in place of ballast water exchange. This requirement will be phasedin according to the timescales shown in Table 1, and is based on ships’ year ofconstruction.The BWM Convention will apply to all ships trading internationally that carry ballastwater, although there are some exceptions (see Appendix 2). There are also specialterritorial requirements. These are detailed in our National Ballast Water ManagementRequirements guide which can be downloaded at
www.lr.org/bwmEntry into force
The Convention will come into force 12 months after the date by which not less than30 states (the combined merchant fleet of which constitutes not less than thirty-fivepercent of the gross tonnage of the world’s merchant shipping) have ratified it. To date,it has been ratified by 26 states constituting 24% of the world’s merchant shippingfleet.