B.-G. Rong et al. /Computers and Chemical Engineering 24 (2000) 247-252249
SC(A) - MC(B,E)SRC;?@)
SRCOCDF3CDF4SSCI(B)SSC(B)MC&E)<SC@)- MC(AD)<SSCZ@) _SRC(C)SRC(C)CDFSCDF6
Fig. 2. Eight thermally coupled distillation flowsheets for five-compo-nent mixtures.Table 1Characteristics of the selected mixturesMixtures Characteristics Volatility distributions
Even distributionATij z 10°C
One difficult splitA/B
Two difJicult splitsWC, D/E
Uneven distributionA/B, C/D
1.3a&5 1.2a, x 2.0tlh 2 1.2a, x 2.0
In any given network, a line represents a connectionbetween two units. A node is one of the four types ofunits of MC, SSC, SRC, and SC. Units of the sametype in a flowsheet are distinct by their orders. Sub-groups in bracket are the products of that unit corre-sponding to its node, to main column and simplecolumn, the former in the bracket is the distillate, whilethe latter is the bottom product. The connected loca-tions for the side columns in a flowsheet are identifiedaccording to their products. For example, there arethree side-rectifying columns SRCl, SRC2, and SRC3in flowsheet (Fig. la) with B, C, and D being theirproducts, respectively. According to their relativevolatility of B, C and D, SRCl is connected with the upcolumn section of the main column, SRC2 in themiddle section and SRC3 in the bottom section of themain column.3.3.
Selection of the five-component mixtures
To understand the performance of CDFs, it is veryimportant to calculate and analyze rigorously the flow-sheet parameters by separating the real mixtures.Meanwhile, a wide range of relative volatilities shouldbe studied for various mixtures. Thus, taking into ac-count the above considerations, the following real five-component mixtures are selected as shown in Table 1 (iand j are adjacent, a, and tli, indicate easy and difficultsplits).3.4.
Cases of feed compositions
According to the heuristics for the synthesis of simplecolumn sequences, the feed composition distribution isa primary factor influencing the synthesis of simplecolumn sequences. Therefore, a wide range of feedcompositions is selected in this work for studying theperformance of multicomponent thermally coupled dis-tillation flowsheets. The cases of selected feed composi-tions are shown in Table 2. In this work, all feed casesare mole fractions.
Table 2Cases of feed compositionsFeed cases Mole fraction of feed compositionsA BCDE1 0.20
0.10 0.10 0.104 0.10 0.10
0.100.105 0.10 0.100.10
60.100.10 0.10 0.10
0.100.100.1080.500.10 0.20 0.10 0.1090.500.10 0.10 0.20 0.1010 0.50 0.100.100.100.2011 0.100.10 0.100.200.5012 0.10 0.100.200.10 0.50130.100.20 0.10 0.10 0.5014 0.200.10 0.10 0.10 0.5015 0.35 0.250.130.130.14160.350.13 0.25 0.13 0.1417 0.350.13 0.13 0.25 0.14180.350.13 0.13 0.14 0.2519 0.25 0.140.130.130.35200.140.25 0.13 0.130.3521 0.140.13 0.25 0.13 0.3522 0.140.13 0.13 0.25 0.3523 0.250.17 0.16 0.17 0.2524 0.300.13 0.13 0.14 0.3025 0.350.10 0.10 0.10 0.3526 0.400.07 0.07 0.06 0.40