Figure-1 shows all the five drainage Pc curves determined by SM method scaled to a commonbasis (200mD permeability and 18.5% porosity) assuming a single J (S
function. Each curve in Figure-1 consists of two parts: 500-rpm part and 2000 rpm part. 500-rpm-centrifuge run was primarily designed to determine the entry pressure while 2000-rpm runwas conducted for the extension of Pc at least to 100 Kpa. An analytical function of the formPc(S
) = C
was fit to the data sets with the following Parameters :C
= 0.004, n
= 1.25, S
=0.07 . The data sets are also fitted to aLeverett J-function J(S
, giving constant a=1.51, and saturation power exponent of b= -1.65.Berea drainage Pc-Sw data from literature
mostly direct (Free gravity drainage and NMRIand Porous plate was compared with our best fit analytical function in Figure-2. The properties of the various core plugs used in Figure-2 are shown in Table-2. All the drainage Pc data from theliterature was scaled to 16 mN/m interfacial tension (IFT), 200mD permeability and 18.5%porosity so that they dimensionally represents our fluid and rock system. The Pc (analytical)function seems to be in good agreement with the published data.In Figure-3, we present our laboratory measured Berea Pc drainage data for plug number B1 ,B2and B3 obtained by Hassler-Brunner type approach. For each plug, three sets of Pc drainage dataconsisting of different interpretation procedures are presented. Rajan's
, Hassler-Brunner iterativemethod (H-B) and solution with radial effects proposed by Forbes et al.
(F-R) were chosenarbitrarily (among many that were tried) as an interpretation procedure to see the effect of different approach. The best fit analytical Pc function obtained earlier by
-ray for plug numberB1,B2, B3,B9 and B12 was also drawn in the same figure to compare different methods. The Pcdrainage data obtained analytical calculations are in poor agreement with the average data fromthe capillary pressure function.Figure-4 shows drainage Pc-Sw for plug number B1, B2 and B3 obtained by SM method andHassler-Brunner type approach interpreted by considering radial effects
. Analytical calculatedsolution (Pc-Sw) found to be higher for each plug than that of the SM method.
The drainage capillary pressure from freezing and measuring in-situ saturation in a centrifugegravity field is shown to be repeatable, and compares well to porous plate capillary pressure.Analytical calculated capillary pressure from centrifuge is generally higher than measurement bySM method, or porous plate.
Hassler, G.L., and Brunner,E.:" Measurements of Capillary Pressure in Small Core Samples," Trans.,AIME (1945) 160, 114-123.
P. Forbes : Centrifuge Data Analysis Techniques: An SCA survey on the Drainage Capillary pressureCurves from Centrifuge Measurements, SCA,Sept.1997, pp3.
Baldwin,B.A. and Yamanashi, W.S., " Capillary-Pressure determinations from NMR Images of centrifuged Core Plugs: Berea sandstone," The Log Analyst (Sept.-Oct. 1991 pp. 550-556
Chen, Z.A., and Ruth, D.W.:" The Effect of Gravity Degradation on Low-Speed Centrifuge CapillaryPressure Data," AIChE J., 41,No.3,469 (1995)
Spinler, E.A. and Baldwin, B.A.:" Capillary Pressure Scanning Curves By Direct Measurement of Saturation," Proceedings of the 1997 SCA International Symposium,1997