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Alignment Tips

Alignment Tips

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Published by Udhaya Kumar

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Published by: Udhaya Kumar on Jun 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Pre alignment checks P . S. Rathore SrEngineer
Check the soft foot problem
Check the any pipe strain, by putting dial gauge of pump foot and loosinghold dn bolts
Check the worn our foots/foundation
Check the SAG of dial bar by rotating 180 deg on solid rod, this is alwayspositive, set this reading negative on the top 12:00 o’clock position
Check any thermal growth on driver or driven machine check OEMmanulas,this is TLC where T is temperature difference L is height of machine centre line above foundation bolts C is coefficient of thermalexpansion
 Take the as it is readings before performing alignment
Check the shaft run out/bent shaft
Check the shaft lift with help of screw jack if machine rotor is heavy, forchecking bearings condition of machines
Check axial float if bearing is sleeve type
Note down all these parameters before doing alignment Type of coupling, type of bearings, run out, lift, axial float, soft foot, dialgauge bar SAG, pipe strain, coupling gap
Hot alignment reading just after M/C shutdownCold alignment readings before performingalignmentsSoft foot readingsPipe strain value if anyShaft run outShaft lift for bearing conditionAxial float if sleeve bearing Thermal growth OEM valuesDial gauge bar SAGCondition of machine foundationMagnetic centre of motor runningCoupling spacing measurementOld shim measurements at all four locations
Along with above measures rotate dial 0 deg to 360 deg ,reading at360 deg again it should be zero, if not than repeat this process andin second roud it becomes zero than calculate average value at allthree location i.e. at 90, 180 and 270 deg positions
Rotate both shafts altogether to nullify the effect of shaft run out,by doing this we are taking all four reading at same points on bothshaft for all four locations no relative movement between shafts
Where there is axial movement of shaft i.e. with sleeve bearingpreference should be given to reverse indicator method of alignment
And where it is not possible to rotate both the shaft all togetherbecause of one machine is too much heavy to rotate then use Faceand Rim method of alignment
 TAKE ALIGNMENT READINGS WHEN HOLD DOWN BOLTS ARE TIGHT,then lose them and move machine, for another take of readingagain re tight the bolts and reapet process
Rotate machine in normal direction of rotation of machine
Use proper sign convention
Face and RIM method
equal trianglemethod)
Set 0.00 at top 12:00 clock position
Sequence of alignmenta.
Angular alignment in elevation;
Say coupling is MOREopen at bottom and difference in top and bottom facereading is 0.2 mm, and dial indicator movementdiameter(may equal to coupling diameter if face reading istaken at just tip of face of coupling) is 100mm. Distancebetween front and rear foot of movable machine is 600mm,then rear feet of movable machine are lowered by amount=(600/100)*0.2 mm i.e. 1.2mmb.
Parallel alignment in elevation;
say top and bottomreading difference is -0.4mm, divide it by 2 which comes out0.2mm.and movable machine is
lower than stationary. Put0.2 mm shims below all four legs of movable machine,c.
Angular alignment is top view or plan;
same as instep”a” view from station machine side towards movingmachined.
Parallel or offset alignment in plan, same as step “b”
Reverse indicator methods precautions:
Stationary machine RH side and movable machine in LH side
Rotate in direction of rotation
View from stationary machine end towards movable machineside.
Set both the dial indicator 0.00 at top i.e. 12:00 O’clock position.
Sign convention for graphing: At stationary machine if dialindicator reads +ive at 6:00 O’clock then draw above/left of centre line for vertical/ horizontal alignment respectively. If dial
LEFT side
indicator reads –ive at movable coupling then draw below/rightin graph during performing alignment vertical/horizontalrespectively. RIGHT sideView from here

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