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HR Terminology

HR Terminology

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Published by: Lakshmi Sthanumurthy on Jun 28, 2012
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Term Definition
4/5thsrule:Rule stating that discrimination generally is considered to occur if the selectionrate for a protected group is less than 80% (4/5ths) of the selection rate for themajority group or less than 80% of the group’s representation in the relevantlabor market401(k)plan:An agreement in which a percentage of an employee’s pay is withheld andinvested in a tax deferred accountAbsolutestandardsMeasuring an employee’s performance against some established standardsAccepterrorsAccepting candidates who would later prove to be poor performersActionlearningA training technique by which management trainees are allowed to work fulltime analyzing and solving problems in other departmentsActivepractice: The performance of job-related tasks and duties by trainees during trainingAdjective ratingscalesA performance appraisal method that lists a number of traits and a range of performance for eachAdverseimpact The overall impact of employer practices that result in significantly higherpercentages of members of minorities and other protected groups beingrejected for employment placement, or promotionAdverseselectionA situation in flexible benefits administration where those in greatest need of aparticular benefit choose that benefit more often than the average employeeAdverseselection:Situation in which only higher-risk employees select and use certain benefitsAffirmativeactionSteps that are taken for the purpose of eliminating the present effects of pastdiscrimination
 
Affirmativeactionplan(AAP):Formal document that an employer compiles annually for submission toenforcement agenciesAffirmativeaction:Process in which employers identify problem areas, set goals, and take positivesteps to enhance opportunities for protected-class membersAgencyshopA form of union security in which employees who do not belong to the unionmust still pay union dues on the assumption that union efforts benefit allworkersAlbemarle PaperCompany v.MoodySupreme Court case in which it was ruled that the validity of job tests must bedocumented and that employee performance standards must be unambiguousAlternationrankingmethodRanking employees from best to worst on a particular traitApathySignificant dysfunction tension resulting in no effort being madeApplicant pool:All persons who are actually evaluated for selectionApplicantpopulation:A subset of the labor force population that is available for selection using aparticular recruiting approachApplication form The from that provides information on education, prior work record, and skillsAppraisalinterviewAn interview in which the supervisor and subordinate review the appraisal andmake plans to remedy deficiencies and reinforce strengthsApprenticeshipA time – typically two to five years – when an individual is considering to betraining to learn a skillArbitration:Process that uses a neutral third party to make a decision
 
Arbitration:Process that uses a neutral third party to make a decisionAssessmentcenter:A collection of instruments and exercises designed to diagnose individuals’development needsAttitudesurvey:One that focuses on employees’ feelings and beliefs about their jobs and theorganizationAttributiontheoryA theory of performance evaluation based on the perception of who is in controlof an employee’s performanceAttritionA process whereby the jobs of incumbents who leave for any reason will not befilledAuthority The right to make decisions, direct others’ work, and give ordersAutonomy The freedom and independence involved in doing one’s jobAutonomy: The extent of individual freedom and discretion in the work and its schedulingAvailabilityanalysis:An analysis that identifies the number of protected-class members available towork in the appropriated labor markets in given jobsBabyboomers Those individuals born between 1946 and 1964Babybusters Those individuals born in 1965 and years after. Often referred to as generationXersBackgroundinvestigation The process of verifying information job candidates provideBargaining unit:Employees eligible to select a single union to represent and bargain collectivelyfor themBase The basic compensation an employee receives, usually as a wage or salary

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