Design of a Hybrid Solar-Wind Power Plant Using Optimization
, Hamzah AlZu’bi
, Ali Diabat
Graduate Student, Masdar Institute of Science And Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE (email@example.com)
Graduate Student, Masdar Institute of Science And Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Assistant Professor, Masdar Institute of Science And Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE (email@example.com)
Although solar and wind energy are two of the most viable renewable energy sources, little research has been done onoperating both energy sources alongside one another in order to take advantage of their complementary characters. In this paper, we develop an optimal design for a hybrid solar-wind energy plant, where the variables that are optimized over include the number of photovoltaic modules, the wind turbine height, the number of wind turbines, and the turbine rotor diameter, and the goal is to minimize costs. Simulation studies and sensitivity analysis reveal that the hybrid plant is able toexploit the complementary nature of the two energy sources, and deliver energy reliably throughout the year.
: renewable energy, hybrid, wind turbines, solar, standalone
Among the wide range of problems facing our worldtoday, there is global consensus that greenhouse gas(GHGs) emissions have the largest negative impact onour environment. GHGs include carbon dioxide,methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons. These gases helpmaintain the temperature of the earth at comfortablelevels for organisms, and a decrease in their levels wouldresult in a temperature that could be too low for us tosurvive. However, because GHGs allow sunlight to enter the atmosphere, but trap the heat radiated off the earth’ssurface, an increase in these emissions would result in anincrease of the planet’s temperature, or global warming,to levels that could be fatal to living organisms. Manyscientists also believe that the increase in naturaldisasters is fueled by climate change, since atmosphericand oceanic patterns shift as the Earth’s temperatureincreases.The Kyoto protocol, a part of the United NationsFramework Convention on Climate Change, wasnegotiated as part of a global effort to reduce GHGemissions. The protocol establishes legally bindingcommitments on all member nations to reduce their GHG emissions. To allow economies to meet their emissions restrictions, the protocol introduced three“flexible mechanisms”: the Joint Implementationmechanism allows countries to carry out emissionsreduction projects in other countries to gain emissioncredits, the Clean Development mechanism also allowscountries to gain emissions credits by financingemissions reduction projects in developing countries,while the third mechanism, Emissions Trading (alsoknown as carbon trading), provides an incentive for governments and companies to reduce their emissions.The financial incentives, along with carbon-emissionlimits, are not the only factors pushing governments inthe direction of renewable and clean energy. The scarcityof fossil fuels and their rapid depletion worldwide hasmade it necessary to search for alternative energysources that would meet the current levels of demand. Inaddition, much of the world’s population lives in remoteor rural areas, which are sparsely populated andgeographically isolated. Due to the low demand, suchregions are not connected to the grid. To develop suchareas, an efficient as well as financially feasible methodneeds to be found to provide these areas with electricity.It has been suggested that renewable energy sources may be well-suited to this task.Renewable energy sources such as solar energy and windenergy have been deemed clean, inexhaustible,unlimited, and environmental friendly . Suchcharacteristics have attracted the energy sector to userenewable energy sources on a larger scale . However,all renewable energy sources have drawbacks. The onethat is common to wind and solar sources is their dependence on unpredictable factors such as weather andclimatic conditions. Fortunately, due to both sources’complementary nature, some of these problems can beaddressed by overcoming the weaknesses of one with thestrengths of the other . This brings us to the hybridsolar-wind power plant concept.A system that brings together two sources of energy iscalled a hybrid system. The concept of having hybrid power stations is not new, but has gained popularity inrecent years . Hybrid energy stations have proven to be advantageous for decreasing the depletion rate of fossil fuels, as well as supplying energy to remote ruralareas , without harming the environment.