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Published by: gmahendramba on Jun 28, 2012
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Stress is a term in psychology and biology, borrowed from physics andengineering and first used in the biological context in the 1930s, which has in more recentdecades become commonly used in popular. It refers to the consequence of the failure of anorganism
to respond adequately to mental, emotional or physicaldemands, whether actual or imagined.
In today‘s changing a
nd competitive work environment, stress level is increasingboth in the workers as well as the managers. As a result of this work stress, more andmore managers are showing signs of chronic fatigue and burnout. Research hasconcluded that stressed out managers are not good for their companies or shareholders. Inmost cases, stress leads to reduced productivity. Stress is a problem in almost all thecountries of the world, irrespective of whether the economy is strong or weak.Therefore, it become very ess
ential to include ―Work stress‖ as one of the chapters in
studying human behavior, because we must know what is actually stress, What are thecauses of stress. What are its consequences and then, what should be done to reduce it?
Jobstressis a chronic disease caused by conditions in the workplace that
negatively affect an individual‘s performance and/or overall well
-being of his body andmind. One or more of a host of physical and mental illnesses manifests job stress. Insome cases, jobstresscan be disabling. In chronic cases a psychiatric consultation isusually required to validate the reason and degree of work related stress.
Stress refers to the strain from the conflict between our external environment andus, leading to emotional and physical pressure. In our fast paced world, it is impossible tolive without stress, whether you are a student or a working adult. There is both positive
and negative stress, depending on each individual‘s unique
perception of the tensionbetween the two forces. Not all stress is bad. For example, positive stress, also known aseustress, can help an individual to function at optimal effectiveness and efficiency.
The most commonly accepted definition of stress (mainly attributed to Richard SLazarus) is that stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that
―demands exceed the personal and social
resources the individual is able to mobilize.‖
Inshort, it's what we feel when we think we've lost control of events. This is the maindefinition used by this section of Mind Tools, although we also recognize that there is anintertwined instinctive stress response to unexpected events. The stress response inside usis therefore part instinct and part to do with the way we think.
Every one of us would probably experience different types of stress at one time oranother. It could be some personal stress arising in the work place, strained familyrelationships with teenage children, emotional stress caused by financial problems, posttraumatic disorders after an unhappy event like an accident or even feeling stress whenyou are on holidayAll these various types of stress and many more can however be group intofollowing main types of stress.
Acute (short-term) stress:
It is the body's instant response to any situation that seems demanding ordangerous. Your stress level depends on how intense the stress is, how long it lasts, andhow you cope with the situation.Most of the time, your body recovers quickly from acute stress. But stress cancause problems if it happens too often or if your body doesn't have a chance to recover.In people with heart problems, acute stress can trigger an abnormal heartbeat(arrhythmia)or even aheart attack. 
Chronic (long-term) stress
It is caused by stressful situations or events that last over a long period of time.This could include having a difficult job or dealing with a chronic disease. If you alreadyhave a health problem, stress can make it worse.
Have you ever (I'm sure you have) felt:- The thrill and excited feeling while watching a horror movie- The feeling of excitement when you won a game or race- The excitement when you bought your first car- The accomplishment of a challenge- The proud feeling of being a first time parent- The happy feeling of being loved- The excitement of going for a holidayThese feelings sure make us feel good and they are the so-called "good stress" or"positive stress". They are able to exert a healthy effect on you. It gives one a feeling of fulfillment or contentment and also makes one excited about life. Unfortunately, it is atype of stress that only occurs for a short period of time.Eustress is also often called the curative stress because it gives a person the abilityto generate the best performance or maximum output.
Just like everything in life, when there is good or positive stress, there is also"bad" or "negative stress". This type of stress is the opposite of Eustress and its calledDistress.

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