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History Sukhoi Su

History Sukhoi Su

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Published by: Krishana Kant Shukla on Jun 28, 2012
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History Sukhoi Su-30MKI
The
Sukhoi Su-30MKI
Flanker-H
) is anair superiority fighter   jointly developed by Russia'sSukhoiand India'sHindustan Aeronautics Limited(HAL) for  theIndian Air Force(IAF). A variant of theSukhoi Su-30,it is a heavy, all-weather, long- range fighter.Development of the variant started after India signed a deal with Russia in 2000 tomanufacture 140 Su-30 fighter jets.
 The first Russian-made Su-30MKI variant wasaccepted into the Indian Air Force in 2002,
while the first indigenously assembled Su-30MKI entered service with the IAF in 2004.
In 2007, the IAF ordered 40 additionalMKIs.
The IAF has 137 Su-30MKIs in active service as of December 2011
;
 it plans tohave a fleet of 272 MKIs
.
The Su-30MKI is expected to form
the backbone of theIndian Air Force's fighter fleet to 2020 and beyond.
The aircraft is tailor-made for Indian specifications and integrates Indian systems andavionics as well as
French and Israeli subsystems.
 It has abilities similar to theSukhoi Su-35with which it shares many features and components.
The Su-30MKI was jointly designed by Russia's Sukhoi Corporation and India's HindustanAeronautics Limited (HAL).
The MKI's airframe evolved from that of theSukhoi Su-27 while most of the avionics were developed by India.
 The Su-30MKI is reputed to bemore advanced than the basicSu-30MK , the ChineseSu-30MKK/MK2, and the Malaysian Su-30MKM.
It features state of the art avionics developed by Russia, India andIsrael which includes display, navigation, targeting and electronic warfare systems.
Someavionics suites used in the aircraft were also sourced from France and South Africa.
After 2 years of evaluation and negotiations, India signed a US$1.462 billion deal with theSukhoi Corporation on 30 November 1996 for the delivery of 50 Su-30MKI aircraft in five batches. The first batch were 8 Su-30MKs, the basic version of Su-30. The second batchwere to be 10 Su-30Ks with French and Israeli avionics. The third batch were to be 10 Su-30MKIs featuring canard foreplanes. The fourth batch of 12 Su-30MKIs and final batch of 10 Su-30MKIs aircraft all were to have the AL-31FP turbofans. These 50 aircraft weremade by Sukhoi in Russia.In October 2000, a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) was signed confirming thelicense production of 140+ Su-30MKIs in India and in December 2000, the deal was sealedat Russia's Irkutsk aircraft plant, with full technology transfer. The first Su-30MKIs from Nasik were to be delivered from 2004, with the staged production until 2017–18. However in November 2002, the delivery schedule was expedited with production to be completed inten years – by 2014-15 – by increasing the annual rate of production from 10 to 14 aircraftannually.
An estimated 920 AL-31FP turbofans are to be manufactured at HAL'sKoraput Division, while the mainframe and other accessories are to be manufactured atHAL's Divisions in Lucknow and Hyderabad. Final integration of the aircraft and its test
 
flight are to be carried out at HAL's Nasik Division.
The MKI production was planned to be done in four phases: Phase I, II, III and IV respectively.In 2007, another order of 40 Su-30MKIs was placed. In 2009, the planned fleet strengthwas to be 230 aircraft.
In 2008, Samtel HAL Display Systems (SHDS), a joint venture between Samtel Display Systems andHAL, won a contract to develop and manufacturemulti-function avionicsdisplays for the MKI.
Ahelmet mounted display, Topsight-I, based on technology from Thales and developed by SHDS will be integrated on the Su-30MKI in the next upgrade.
Operational history
IAF Su-30MKI jet touches down at Mountain Home Air Force Base during Red Flagexercise.The Sukhoi Su-30MKI is the most potent fighter jet in service with the Indian Air Force inthe late 2000s.
The MKIs are often fielded by the IAF in bilateral and multilateralair  exercises. India exercised its Su-30MKIs against theRoyal Air Force'sTornado ADVsin October 2006.
This was the first large-scale bilateral aerial exercise with any foreign air force during which the IAF used its Su-30MKIs extensively. This exercise was also thefirst in 43 years with the RAF. During the exercise, the RAF Air Chief Marshal GlennTorpy was given permission by the IAF to fly the MKI.
The RAF's Air Vice MarshalChristopher Harper praised the MKI's dogfight ability, calling it "absolutely masterful andunbeatable".
In July 2007, the Indian Air Force fielded the MKI during the
 Indra-Dhanush
exercise withRoyal Air Force'sEurofighter Typhoon. This was the first time that the two jets had taken part in such a exercise.
The IAF did not allow their pilots to use the radar of the MKIsduring the exercise so as to protect the highly classified N011M Bars.
 Also in theexercise were RAF Tornado F3s and a Hawk. RAF Tornado pilots were candid in their admission of the Su-30MKI's superior manoeuvring in the air, and the IAF pilots wereimpressed by the Typhoon's agility.
The RAF stated that the Typhoon and Su-30MKIsdid not go head to head in mock combat during that particular exercise.
[
]
India sent Su-30MKs, an earlier variant of the Su-30MKI, to take part in war games withtheUnited States Air Force(USAF) during 
in 2004. The results have beenwidely publicized, with the Indians winning "90% of the mock combat missions" againstthe USAF's F-15C.
In July 2008, the IAF sent 6 Su-30MKIs and 2Il-78MKIaerial-refueling tankers, to participate in theRed Flag exercise.
The IAF again did not allow their pilots to use theradar of the MKIs during the exercise so as to protect the highly classified N011M Bars. InOctober 2008, a video surfaced on the internet which featured a USAF colonel, CorkeyFornoff, criticizing Su-30MKI's high friendly kill rate, serviceability issues, and relatively poor performance against the F-15C during the Red Flag exercise.
Several of his
 
claims were later rebutted by the Indian side and the USAF also distanced itself from hisremarks.
In June 2010, India and France began the fourth round of their joint air exercises,"Garuda", at the Istres Air Base in France. During Garuda, the IAF and theFrench Air  Forcewere engaged in various missions ranging from close combat engagement of largeforces, slow mover protection, protecting and engaging high value aerial assets. Thisexercise marked the first time SU-30 MKI took part in a military exercise in France.
Radar
The forward-facing NIIP N011M Bars(Panther) is a powerful integrated passive  electronically scanned arrayradar. The N011M is a digital multi-mode dual frequency bandradar.
The N011M can function in air-to-air and air-to-land/sea mode simultaneouslywhile being tied into a high-precision laser-inertial or GPS navigation system. It isequipped with a modern digital weapons control system as well as anti-jamming features. N011M has a 400 km search range and a maximum 200 km tracking range, and 60 km inthe rear hemisphere.
 
The radar can track 15 air targets
and engage 4 simultaneously.
These targets can even includecruise missilesand motionless helicopters. The Su-30MKI can function as a
mini- AWAC
as a director or command post for other aircraft.The target co-ordinates can be transferred automatically to at least four other aircraft. Theradar can detect ground targets such astanksat 40–50 km.
The Bars radar will bereplaced byZhuk-AESAin the last batch of 40 aircraft.
[
Su-30 MKI Vs Rafale
India will soon be flying both of these aircraft so hopefully this question will be resolvedsoon. But just for the hell of it, which of these two aircraft is more capable in A2A combat?The Rafale has a significantly smaller RCS, but the Flanker is a much larger aircraft so itcan fit a much larger, more powerful radar. Both of the aircraft will be getting AESAupgrades. I'd have to imagine that ones you hang bombs, fuel tanks etc. neither of theseaircraft can be considered "stealthy," despite Dassault's marketing.Both aircraft are equipped with HMS and HOBS missiles. The Rafale is smaller and lighter  but the Flanker series are well known for their impressive agility and the MKI has 3Dthrust vectoring.The Rafale is more than double the price so I hope it does bring something more to thetable. Dassault does tout SPECTRA an awful lot, but a lot of it seems to marketing. Thatsystem doesn't seem to have anything that most 4++ gen aircraft don't.Interestingly, both these aircraft participated in Red Flag back in '08. I'm sure many of us

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