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Drugs and Drug Prevention

Drugs and Drug Prevention

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Published by IzZa Rivera

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Published by: IzZa Rivera on Jun 28, 2012
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DRUGS &DRUG PREVENTION
Bachelor of Science in Accountancy
Submitted to:
Dr. Sherwin Banan
Submitted by:
Christian Carl AquinoNikko BayangKheemNhargis KhanKristine MacatanagyLauvimar RosalesMeriza RiveraLara NymphaOchinang
 
Drugs and Drug Prevention
Page | 2
 
DRUGS
What is a Drug?
(1) Natural orsyntheticsubstance which (when taken into a living body) affects its functioningorstructure,and is used in thediagnosis,mitigation,treatment, orpreventionof a disease orrelief of  discomfort. It is also calledlegal drugor medicine. Alegalor medicinal drug (such as amphetamines), however, can be harmful and addictive if misused.(2) Habit forming stimulant ornarcoticsubstance (such as alcohol, cannabis, nicotine, or aderivativeof cocoa or poppy) whichproducesa state of arousal, contentment, or euphoria. Continued or excessive use (calleddrug abuseorsubstance abuse)of such substancescausesaddictionor dependence.Thereafter any attempt to discontinue their useresultsin specificreactions(called withdrawalsymptoms)such as sweating, vomiting, and tremors which cease when the use is resumed.Also calledillegal drugwhere itsproductionand/or use is prohibited. Whether a substance is legal or illegal, however, may have nothing to do with its potential foraddiction orharm:alcohol and nicotine, both addictive and harmful, are legal in mostcountries because they generatesubstantialemploymentorgovernmentrevenuethrough taxes.
CATEGORIES/TYPES OF DRUGS
Drugs come in various forms, and can be taken numerous ways. Some are legal and others arenot. Drugs may be categorized or classified according to certain shared or effects. Drugs from each of these categories can affect a person's central nervous system and can impair a person's normalfaculties. The easiest way to begin learning about drugs is to separate them into categories. The drugsare placed into categories according to their chemical makeup and the effects they have on the body.You may recognize many of these drugs as ones that are commonly prescribed by physicians. This isnot meant to be alarming. Many drugs with the potential for addiction are quite safe in dosesprescribed by a physician and taken for specific medical conditions.
Drugs are commonly classified according to their legal status or their effects on the central nervous system.
DRUGS ACCORDING TO LEGAL STATUS
* legal drugs / non prohibited drugs
 –
these are drugs that are both legal and freely available in themarket. There are two types of drugs in this category the over-the-counter drugs and the prescriptiondrugs.a) over the counter drugs
 –
these are drugs that do not require a prescription and can simplybought over the counter as their name states.Classification of OTC(over the counter drugs) and its purpose
• Antacid
 
 –
treat acid indigestion and stomach acidity
antidiarrheals
 
 –
treat diarrhea
•laxative
 –
treat constipation
•emetics
 
 –
induce vomiting
•anti emetics
 
 –
prevent vomiting
•antiperspirant
 
 –
reduce perspiration
•sunburn prevention and treatment products
 
 –
reduce sunburn and treat pain of sunburn
• vitamin/mineral produ
ct
 –
supplement diet w/ necessary vitamins and minerals
•antimicrobial products
 
 –
treat superficial wounds. Must be applied to the surface of the skin
•dandruff products
- treat dandruff 
oral hygiene aids
 
 –
treat sore throat, bad breath and reduce bacteria in the mouth
hemorrhoidal products
 
 –
treat hemorrhoids other rectal problem
hematinics
 –
increase hemoglobin count treat anemia
bronchodilator and anti asthmatic products
- dilate bronchial tubes
 
Drugs and Drug Prevention
Page | 3
 
analgesics
 
 –
relieve minor pain
sedatives and sleep aids
 
 –
reduce sleep onset
stimulants
 –
increase mental alertness
antitussiveness
 
 –
reduce coughing
allergy treatment products
 
 –
reduce symptoms of allergy sneezing watery nose and eyes
•cold remedies
 
 –
relieve cold symptoms
•anti rheumatic products
 –
treat rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
•opthalmic products
 
 –
reduce eye irritation
contraceptive products
 
 –
prevent pregnancy
miscellaneous dermatological products
 
 –
treat skin disorders product
dentifrices and dental products
 
 –
clean and brighten teeth relieve toothache
b) prescription drugs
- these are drugs requiring a closer supervision of a physician. They canbe purchased only through a pharmacy and require a written form w/ carefully specified instructions.
Antipsychotic Drugs
 –
 
these drugs are used to treat the positive symptoms of psychosis
Antidepressant Drugs
 –
these was used to cheer up the moods of people feeling depressedAnti-anxiety Drugs (or tranquilizers)
 –
 
these are drugs used to reduce the felt presence of anxiety
 Sedatives/hypnotics
 
 –
these are potent drugs and should be use w/ extreme caution*
Illegal drugs / prohibited drugs
- these are substances of natural or synthetic origin w/c can alter theemotional state, perception , body functioning or behavior of an organism and generally tend to beillegal. These are drugs being controlled by the government and are illegal in certain situation.
Stimulants
WHAT ARE THEY? 
Stimulants refer to a group of drugs that boost alertness and physical activityby increasing heart and breathing rates and brain functions. By acting on the central nervous system,stimulants can stimulate the body both mentally and physically.
EXAMPLES:
adrafinil, cocaine, modafinil, pemoline, selegiline
WHY STIMULANTS ARE BANNED:
They may artificially stimulate the mind or body, therebyimproving an athlete's performance and giving them an unfair advantage.
WHY PEOPLE USE THEM:
To increase their ability to exercise at an optimal level, combattiredness, suppress appetite.
Narcotic analgesics
WHAT ARE THEY? 
Narcotic analgesics usually take the form of painkillers that act on the brainand spinal cord to treat pain associated with painful stimuli.
EXAMPLES:
buprenorphine, dextromoramide, heroin, morphine, pethidine
WHY THEY ARE BANNED:
Narcotic analgesics could be used to reduce or eliminate the pain feltfrom an injury or illness. The danger in this is that the drug could merely be masking the pain. As aresult, people may have a false sense of security.
WHY PEOPLE USE THEM
: To help reduce or eliminate the pain from a nagging injury, allowingthem to continue in their training. Narcotic analgesics may also reduce anxiety, which may artificiallyenhance performance.
Cannabinoids
WHAT ARE THEY? 
Cannabinoids are psychoactive chemicals derived from the cannabis plantthat cause a feeling of relaxation.
EXAMPLES
: hashish, hashish oil, marijuana
WHY THEY ARE BANNED:
Marijuana is generally not considered performance enhancing, but is
banned because its use is damaging to the image of sport. The use of marijuana could weaken person’s
ability to perform.
WHY PEOPLE USE THEM
: To increase their recovery time after exercise, increase their heartrate, reduce their inhibitions.
Anabolic agents
WHAT ARE THEY? 
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) are synthetic versions of the hormonetestosterone. Testosterone is a male sex hormone found in large quantities in most males and in somefemales.

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