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Steel Industry

Steel Industry

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Published by Harris Lodhi

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Harris Lodhi on Jun 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Steel Industry after Pakistan Independence
After independence in 1947, it did not take long for Pakistan to come to the realization that progressive industrial and economical development would be impossible without the possession of a self reliant iron and steel making plant. The dependence on imports wouldcause serious setbacks to the country along with an extortionately high import bill whichwould be impossible to support.The initial idea for a domestic iron and steel mill was put forward in the first five year planof Pakistan (1955 - 1960). Debates over the manufacturing process, supply sources of therequisite machinery and raw materials, plant site, domestic ore versus imported ore,ownership pattern, product mix and above all foreign financing credit kept the project onhold for a considerable time.
In 1968 besides other factors, it was considered by the Government of Pakistan that a basicsteel industry should be established in the public sector, as public sponsorship of the project would enable integrated development of the steel industry in the country. In light of this, the government decided that the Karachi Steel Project should be sponsored in the public sector for which a separateCorporation under the CompaniesAct be formed.
Pakistan Steel Mills
In January, 1969, Pakistan Steelconcluded an agreement with V/OTiajproexport of the then USSR for the preparation of a feasibilityreport into the establishment of asteel mill at Karachi. Subsequentlyin January, 1971 Pakistan and theUSSR signed an agreement under which the latter agreed to providetechno-financial assistance for theconstruction of a coastal basedintegrated steel mill at Karachi.The foundation stone for thisgigantic project was laid on the30th of December, 1973. Themammoth construction anderection work of the integratedsteel mill, never experienced before in the country, was carriedout by a consortium of Pakistaniconstruction companies under thesupervision of Soviet experts.Foundation stone of Pakistan Steel was laid on 30th December, 1973. Pakistan Steel isPakistan's largest industrial complex, comprising component units numbering more than20. Pakistan Steel is strategically located 40km south east of Karachi in close vicinity to port Muhammed Bin Qasim. Pakistan Steel is a costal site which lies on the NationalHighway and is linked to the railway network. Spread overan area of 18,600 acres (29square miles) with 10,390 acres for the main plant, 8070 acres for the township and 200acres for the water reservoir.
Some Facts about Pakistan Steel Mill.
Organization Name:
Pakistan Steel Mills Corporation (PVT) LTD.
Foundation Stone:
Laid on 30th December, 1973
40 km East of Karachi
Production Capacity:
1.1 Million Ton of Steel Expandable up to 3.0 Million Tonper annum.
Main Products:
Coke, Pig Iron, Billets, Cold Rolled Sheets, Hot Rolled Sheets,Galvanized Sheets.Main Units Products Equipment
Coke Oven & By ProductPlantCoke02 Batteries each contains 49 ovensSintering PlantSinter02 sinter MachinesIron Making Department
Pig Iron 02 Blast Furnaces
Steel Making Plant
Cast Bloom, CastBillet, Cast Slab02 L.D.Converters,01 Bloom Caster 01 Billet Caster 02 Slab Casters
Billet Mill
Billets 800 mm Reversible Stand
Hot Strip Mill
H.R.Coils / Plates02 Reheating Furnaces 1700 mmUniversal stand
Cold Rolling MillC.R. Coils /Sheets,Galvanized,Coils/ sheets, H.R. SheetsFour high reversible machines 01 belltype Annealing furnaceThermal Power Plant &Turbo Blower StationElectricity 110 MW 3 Generators of 55 mw eachIron Ore & Coal Jettyunloaders having 27.5ton lifting capacity and1000 ton/hour unloadingcapacity02 unloader which 7km conveyor beltupto plant for dumping throughuniversal machines
Pakistan Steel mills is producing about 1 million ton per year steel where privatesector is producing 30 million (including billet, rebars, channel and angle etc) Theother requirements are fulfilled with ship breaking and other steel products.
Other Steel
Related Development in Pakistan

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