Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
TrADUCCION de Torque y Arrastre

TrADUCCION de Torque y Arrastre

Ratings: (0)|Views: 119|Likes:
Published by ddiaz_674882

More info:

Published by: ddiaz_674882 on Jun 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/28/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Analisis de torque y arrastre
Se usa para:
Optimizar el BHA y la trayectoria del pozo
 
Comparar diferentes alternativas
 
Incluye BHA, tuberia y perfil del pozoAnalisis de factibilidad
 
Analisis de sensibilidad
 
Requerimientos del taladro
 
Analisis de corrida de casingIn general, the user will have either one of two objectives to model the Torque andDrag:1)
 
Optimization: To improve the drilling performance or well design byevaluation of different options (e.g different tools, wellpath or drillingparameters)2)
 
Feasibility: The outcome of the modeling should give an indication of difficultyor feasibility of the planned well or drillstring design and highlight criticalaspects in the planning phase.OptimizationTo enable an engineer to optimize drilling performance the drilling system andprocess has to be understood in detail. The expectations on how the system will behaveunder different circumstances have to be quantified. These expectations can beformalized in a model (e.g. hydraulic or mechanical model (DrillSAFE)).The model does not necessarily resemble the actual situation. The accuracydepends on many factors (e.g. input parameters, mathematical models). There arehowever outputs of physical quantities that can be compared directly to measuredones, like surface torque and hookload. This should give an indication whether themodel is acceptable or not. Finding the cause of any difference between the model andthe measured value is often complicated.En general, el usuario tendrá ninguno uno o dos objetivos para el modelo de torque ydrag:Optimización: Para mejorar el rendimiento de la perforacion o diseño del pozo por laevaluación de diferentes opciones (ejemplo diferentes herramientas, parámetros deperforación, etc.)
 
Factibilidad: el resultado del modelo debe dar una indicacion de dificultades ofactibilidad de el pozo planeado o diseño de la sarta de perforacion y resaltar losaspectos críticos en la fase planeada.OptimizationTo enable an engineer to optimize drilling performance the drilling system andprocess has to be understood in detail. The expectations on how the system will behaveunder different circumstances have to be quantified. These expectations can beformalized in a model (e.g. hydraulic or mechanical model (DrillSAFE)).The model does not necessarily resemble the actual situation. The accuracydepends on many factors (e.g. input parameters, mathematical models). There arehowever outputs of physical quantities that can be compared directly to measuredones, like surface torque and hookload. This should give an indication whether themodel is acceptable or not. Finding the cause of any difference between the model andthe measured value is often complicated.OptimizacionPara permitir un ingeniero optimizar la perforación el sistema de perforaciónFeasibilityFor feasibility analysis a single run/value is not enough to evaluate the potentialproblems. Sensitivity analysis is required to investigate the influence of a range of input parameters.Modelar las fuerzas actuando sobre la sarta:
 
Fuerzas axiales
 
Fuerzas laterales
 
Fuerzas de friccion
 
TorsionTorque and Drag AnalysisTorque and Drag modeling requires the evaluation of the fundamental forces actingon the drillstring. The fundamental mechanical forces are shown in the slide.A major consideration in planning a directional / horizontal well profile is the
effective transmission of the drillstring’s weight and rotation to the bit. Mechanical
friction forces hinder the energy, that is put into the system at surface, to be used atthe bit. Friction is a function of both torque and drag. Torque is the rotationalcomponent of the contact (friction) force between the drillstring and the wellbore,drag is the axial component. Torque and Drag forces are important while drilling andduring tripping operations. Surface Torque is a result of both Torque at the bit andTorsional friction forces along the BHA and the drillstring.
 
 Fuerzas FundamentalesFuerzas axiales (a lo largo de la sarta):
 
Tension vs. CompresionGravedad (Peso)Peso sobre la mechaPeso medido en el ganchoFactor de boyanciaArrastreTorque and Drag modeling requires the evaluation of the fundamental forces actingon the drillstring.Axial ForcesTo push the bit into the formation a resultant axial force is required at the bit. Alongthe drillstring and at surface forces are acting on the drillstring that have an axialcomponent. The main ones are:
 
Gravity: pulls each component of the drillstring downward. The axialcomponent creates a tensile load.
 
Weight On Bit and Hookload: These forces are at either end of the drillstring.The Hookload at surface is used to control the force that pushes the bit into theformation (WOB).
 
Buoyancy : The gravity force on the mud fluid creates an upward lift in all thecomponents of the drillstring that are submerged in the mud fluid. Itdiminishes the effect of the drillstring weight on the axial force.Friction : reactive forces that work in the opposite direction of the movement. Drag isa result of roughness of the surface areas of the drillstring and the borehole and theforce pushing them together.Fuerzas torsionales (Rotacion):Torque en superficieFriccion torsionalTorque en la mechaFuerzas laterales (perpendiculares a la sarta):Gravedad (Peso)Fueza de doblado (Rigidez)Fuerza lateral de la curvatura (tension)Surface Torque is a combination of the torque that is created by the bit to drill andthe (parasitic) torque that is a cause of friction when rotating the drillstring in thewellbore.Side Forces are the forces that push the drillstring to the borehole wall. The frictionforce between the drillstring and the borehole are proportional to the Side Force andis the root cause of friction losses (torque and drag). The main causes of the Side

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->