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RA7610 and 9710 (Sec. 2,12, 19)

RA7610 and 9710 (Sec. 2,12, 19)

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Published by Christian Roque

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Published by: Christian Roque on Jun 28, 2012
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R.A. 7610 Sections 2, 12, & 19Section 2.
Declaration of State Policy and Principles 
It is hereby declared to be the policy ofthe State to provide special protection to children from all firms of abuse, neglect, cruelty exploitationand discrimination and other conditions, prejudicial their development; provide sanctions for their
commission and carry out a program for prevention and deterrence of and crisis intervention in
situations of child abuse, exploitation and discrimination. The State shall intervene on behalf of thechild when the parent, guardian, teacher or person having care or custody of the child fails or isunable to protect the child against abuse, exploitation and discrimination or when such acts againstthe child are committed by the said parent, guardian, teacher or person having care and custody of
the same.
 It shall be the policy of the State to protect and rehabilitate children gravely threatened orendangered by circumstances which affect or will affect their survival and normal development andover which they have no control.The best interests of children shall be the paramount consideration in all actions concerning them,whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative
authorities, and legislative bodies, consistent with the principle of First Call for Children as
enunciated in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child. Every effort shall be exertedto promote the welfare of children and enhance their opportunities for a useful and happy life
Section 12.
Employment of Children 
Children below fifteen (15) years of age may be employed
except:(1) When a child works directly under the sole responsibility of his parents or legal guardianand where only members of the employer's family are employed: Provided, however, That
his employment neither endangers his life, safety and health and morals, nor impairs his
normal development: Provided, further, That the parent or legal guardian shall provide thesaid minor child with the prescribed primary and/or secondary education; or(2) When a child's employment or participation in public & entertainment or informationthrough cinema, theater, radio or television is essential: Provided, The employment contractconcluded by the child's parent or guardian, with the express agreement of the childconcerned, if possible, and the approval of the Department of Labor and Employment:Provided, That the following requirements in all instances are strictly complied with:(a) The employer shall ensure the protection, health, safety and morals of the child;(b) the employer shall institute measures to prevent the child's exploitation or discrimination
taking into account the system and level of remuneration, and the duration and arrangementof working time; and;(c) The employer shall formulate and implement, subject to the approval and supervision of
competent authorities, a continuing program for training and skill acquisition of the child.In the above exceptional cases where any such child may be employed, the employer shall first
secure, before engaging such child, a work permit from the Department of Labor and Employment
which shall ensure observance of the above requirement.
The Department of Labor Employment shall promulgate rules and regulations necessary for theeffective implementation of this Section.
Section 19.
Health and Nutrition 
The delivery of basic social services in health and nutrition tochildren of indigenous cultural communities shall be given priority by all government agencies
concerned. Hospitals and other health institution shall ensure that children of indigenous cultural
communities are given equal attention. In the provision of health and nutrition services to children ofindigenous cultural communities, indigenous health practices shall be respected and recognized.
RA 9710 Sections 2, 12, & 19Section 2.
Declaration of Policy 
- Recognizing that the economic, political, and socioculturalrealities affect women's current condition, the State affirms the role of women in nation building andensures the substantive equality of women and men. It shall promote empowerment of women and
pursue equal opportunities for women and men and ensure equal access to resources and to
development results and outcome. Further, the State realizes that equality of men and womenentails the abolition of the unequal structures and practices that perpetuate discrimination andinequality. To realize this, the State shall endeavor to develop plans, policies, programs, measures,
and mechanisms to address discrimination and inequality in the economic, political, social, and
cultural life of women and men.The State condemns discrimination against women in all its forms and pursues by all appropriatemeans and without delay the policy of eliminating discrimination against women in keeping with the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and otherinternational instruments consistent with Philippine law. The State shall accord women the rights,protection, and opportunities available to every member of society.The State affirms women's rights as human rights and shall intensify its efforts to fulfill its dutiesunder international and domestic law to recognize, respect, protect, fulfill, and promote all humanrights and fundamental freedoms of women, especially marginalized women, in the economic,social, political, cultural, and other fields without distinction or discrimination on account of class,age, sex, gender, language, ethnicity, religion, ideology, disability, education, and status. The Stateshall provide the necessary mechanisms to enforce women's rights and adopt and undertake all
legal measures necessary to foster and promote the equal opportunity for women to participate inand contribute to the development of the political, economic, social, and cultural realms.The State, in ensuring the full integration of women's concerns in the mainstream of development,shall provide ample opportunities to enhance and develop their skills, acquire productiveemployment and contribute to their families and communities to the fullest of their capabilities.In pursuance of this policy, the State reaffirms the right of women in all sectors to participate in policy
formulation. planning, organization, implementation, management, monitoring, and evaluation of allprograms, projects, and services. It shall support policies, researches, technology, and trainingprograms and other support services such as financing, production, and marketing to encourageactive participation of women in national development.
Section 12.
Equal Treatment Before the Law 
- The State shall take steps to review and, when
necessary, amend and/or repeal existing laws that are discriminatory to women within three (3)
years from the effectivity of this Act.

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