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ARMY Mountain Operations FM 3-97.6 2000 140 Pages

ARMY Mountain Operations FM 3-97.6 2000 140 Pages

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FM 3-97.6 (90-6)
MOUNTAINOPERATIONS
NOVEMBER 2000HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
 
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.*This publication supersedes FM 90-6, 30 June 1980.
i
*FM 3-97.6
Field Manual HeadquartersNo. 3-97.6Department of the ArmyWashington, DC, 28 November 2000
Mountain Operations
Contents
Page
PREFACE
....................................................................................................................v
INTRODUCTION
........................................................................................................vi
Chapter 1INTELLIGENCE
.......................................................................................................1-1
Section I – The Physical Environment
.................................................................1-1Terrain......................................................................................................................1-2Weather...................................................................................................................1-5
Section II – Effects on Personnel
.........................................................................1-9Nutrition..................................................................................................................1-10Altitude...................................................................................................................1-11Cold........................................................................................................................1-14
Section III – Effects on Equipment
.....................................................................1-15General Effects......................................................................................................1-15Small Arms.............................................................................................................1-16Machine Guns........................................................................................................1-16Antitank Weapons..................................................................................................1-17
Section IV – Reconnaissance and Surveillance
................................................1-17Reconnaissance....................................................................................................1-17Surveillance............................................................................................................1-20
 
FM 3-97.6________________________________________________________________________________ ii
Chapter 2COMMAND AND CONTROL
..................................................................................2-1
Section I – Assessment of the Situation
..............................................................2-3Mission.....................................................................................................................2-4Enemy......................................................................................................................2-5Terrain and Weather................................................................................................2-5Troops and Support Available..................................................................................2-8Time Available..........................................................................................................2-9Civil Considerations.................................................................................................2-9
Section II – Leadership
........................................................................................2-10
Section III – Communications
.............................................................................2-11Combat Net Radio.................................................................................................2-11Mobile Subscriber Equipment................................................................................2-13Wire and Field Phones...........................................................................................2-13Audio, Visual, and Physical Signals.......................................................................2-14Messenger.............................................................................................................2-14
Section IV – Training
...........................................................................................2-15Initial Training Assessment....................................................................................2-16Physical Conditioning.............................................................................................2-16Mountain Living......................................................................................................2-17Navigation..............................................................................................................2-18Weapons and Equipment......................................................................................2-18Camouflage and Concealment..............................................................................2-18Fortifications...........................................................................................................2-19Military Mountaineering..........................................................................................2-19Driver Training........................................................................................................2-22Army Aviation.........................................................................................................2-23Reconnaissance and Surveillance.........................................................................2-23Team Development................................................................................................2-23
Chapter 3FIREPOWER AND PROTECTION OF THE FORCE
..............................................3-1
Section I – Firepower
.............................................................................................3-1Field Artillery.............................................................................................................3-1Mortars.....................................................................................................................3-5Air Support...............................................................................................................3-6Electronic Warfare...................................................................................................3-7
Section II – Protection of the Force
......................................................................3-7Air Defense Artillery.................................................................................................3-7

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