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Otec Aff Neg Wave Two

Otec Aff Neg Wave Two

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Jan 08, 2009
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06/16/2009

 
BAYLOR DEBATE CAMPOTEC AFF 
WAVE TWO
OTEC AFF/NEG – WAVE TWO
AFF UPDATES
INHERENCY - - NO OTEC FUNDING NOW – 2-3SOLVENCY - - INCENTIVES KEY – 4AT: TECHNOLOGY KRITIKS – 5AT: OTEC BAD FOR ENVIRONMENT – 6AT: ENVIRONMENT KRITIKS – 7AT: SPENDING DA (NON-UNIQUE) – 8
NEG UPDATES
 NEG - - AT: WATER WARS ADV. – 9-10 NEG - - OTEC NOT EFFECTIVE – 11 NEG - - OTEC KILLS SPECIES – 12 NEG - - AT: OVERFISHING ADV. - 13
 
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BAYLOR DEBATE CAMPOTEC AFF 
WAVE TWO
INHERENCY - - NO OTEC FUNDING NOW
OTEC is lacking funding to fulfill its vast potential.Bromby ’07
(Robin Bromby is an author of many books in regard to Oceania and islands. “Value in sea of possibilities - ClimateChange: Special Report” November 24, 2007- Weekend Australian<http://www.lexisnexis.com/us/lnacademic/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T4129054412&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T4129054418&cisb=22_T4129054417&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=244777&docNo=2>)
Coming up in the rear is ocean thermal energy conversion
,
but this is viable usually only in the tropics. It is estimatedby the US National Renewal Energy Laboratory that the world's oceans absorb solar radiation equivalent to about 250 billion barrels of oil in energy terms. Ocean thermal energy conversion, or OTEC
,
uses different temperatures at various depths -- so long as thetemperatures between the warm surface and the cold deep water varies by at least 20C -- to drive a power-producing cycle
.
But theeconomics are against the technology at this stage, according to the laboratory, and research into OTEChas been suspended. There have also been thoughts of producing electricity using the deep oceancurrents, ocean winds and salinity gradients -- but so far these remain little more than pipe dreams.
OTEC is receiving minimal US funding.Smith ’01
 
(Douglas Smith is the Senior Editor of Ieng “Big Plans for Ocean Power Hinge on Funding and Additional R&D” November2001- Power Engineering <http://pepei.pennnet.com/display_article/126468/6/ARTCL/none/none/1/Big-Plans-for-Ocean-Power-Hinge-on-Funding-and-Additional-R&D/>)Even though many years of research have gone into developing power from the sea, the technology is still in its infancy and it maytake a few more years for it to become an acceptable technology for generating large quantities of electricity
.
Funding is nowbeing made available in the U.K. and Norway
 
to research the possibility of developing large-scale wave and tidal powerplants for commercial operation
.
Unfortunately, here in the U.S., very little money is being budgeted for theresearch and development of ocean power.
 
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BAYLOR DEBATE CAMPOTEC AFF 
WAVE TWO
INHERENCY - - NO OTEC FUNDING NOW
The United States Federal Government has failed to properly fund OTEC.Gizmag ’08
 
(Staff writer for gizmag, which is an emerging technology magazine, “Energy Island: unlocking the potential of the ocean as a renewablepower source“ 2008 gizmag <http://www.gizmag.com/energy-island-otec/8714/> DAH) Energy Island isn’t the first project to portray OTEC as the solution to Earth’s power and pollution woes. Previous plans for the technology, most notablyJohn Craven’s , have been positively utopic. Craven saw OTEC not only as a source of cheap power and water, but also as a method for acceleratingcrop growth, and, (no utopia would be complete without it), a provider of free air conditioning. Project Windfall , meanwhile, was a plan authored by aFlorida group that involved installing an OTEC plant in order to reduce the hurricanes that routinely ravage the east coast.But
while OTEC has captured the imagination of scientists, it has not had nearly so much success with governments.
The United
 
Statesestablished the Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawaii Authority in 1974, viewing the high electricity costs of the state, and the dynamics of thesurrounding water, as the ideal testing ground for OTEC technology.
The NEL successfully demonstrated a 250 kW closed-cycle plant in 1999,but ultimately the money evaporated faster than the water, and Congress shifted attention to more economical areas of research.OTEC could be commercially viable
, said test director Luis Vega,
but it needed “patient funding” to reach that stage. 
Past Government attention to OTEC has been negative.NREL ’07
(
NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, “Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)” 30 December 2006-Angelfire, DAH <http://www.angelfire.com/mac/egmatthews/geotherapy/otec.html>)
The US Government has stopped Federal Research into OTEC, presumably because of the antipathy of the second Bush regime tothinking about alternative energy or Climate Change in general, which they persist in denying is influenced by human activities. Buthere is a useful description and survey of possible sites, with a map. It mentions probable sites in Australia, Hawaii and other "developed" countries but does not advocate building plants in those countries. There is no physical reason why some these also couldnot benefit, but perhaps at the time the paper was written oil companies (and the US government) didn't want a viable alternative totheir products.
Past attempts to find funding the creation of OTEC facilities has failed.Smith ’07
(Larry Smith is the owner of Larry Smith Electronics Company that has to due with ocean navigation. “In Pursuit of OTEC in The Bahamas”June 13 2007- Bahama Pundit <http://www.bahamapundit.com/2007/06/in_pursuit_of_o.html>)
"At the southwestcorner of New Providence is an area of shallow heated sand flats which adjoin a 6,000-foot-deep underwater canyon," Bardelmeier wrote in his proposal. "Onshore at this point is the government-owned electricity plant with its existing distribution systems...and thecost of electric power in Nassau is among the highest in the western world." His [Bardelmeier’s] proposal called for a private corporationto negotiate a 40-year contract with the government to build a 40,000kw OTEC power station at Clifton Cay, both as a demonstrationproject and to sell power to BEC. He added that the US government might be willing to help fund the project. But Rockwell turned himdown.
 
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