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RPS_Aff-Neg

RPS_Aff-Neg

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Jan 08, 2009
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05/09/2014

 
Wildcat Debate Workshop <Renewable Portfolio Standards>
RPS Affirmative
RPS Affirmative .................................................................................................................................................................................................11AC ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................3Inherency- Strong government support needed ...............................................................................................................................................13Inherency- RPS promotes many different REs ................................................................................................................................................14Inherency- RPS doesn’t include Nuclear .........................................................................................................................................................15Solvency- RPS should include geothermal, biomass, wind and solar .............................................................................................................16Solvency- Empirically Proven .........................................................................................................................................................................17Solvency- Public wants renewables ................................................................................................................................................................19Solvency- RPS should sunset ..........................................................................................................................................................................20Solvency- RPS ensures cheap Renewables .....................................................................................................................................................21Solvency- RPS ensures shift to Renewables ...................................................................................................................................................22Solvency- ONLY RPS provides renewable .....................................................................................................................................................23Solvency- Companies will comply ..................................................................................................................................................................25Solvency- RPS
Wind, Solar, geothermal and lower biomass .....................................................................................................................27Solvency- AT: Renewable cant fill in for FF ...................................................................................................................................................28Solvency- AT: renewables provide sporadic power .........................................................................................................................................29Blackouts ADD ON .........................................................................................................................................................................................30Warming- Renewables solve warming ............................................................................................................................................................32Warming- RPS solves CO2 & prevents future FF ...........................................................................................................................................33Warming- RPS solves Warming and meets Kyoto ..........................................................................................................................................34Warming- RPS reduces CO2 & Enviro Toxins ..............................................................................................................................................35Economy- RPS Improves economy ................................................................................................................................................................36Economy- Competitiveness - US can be Competitive ....................................................................................................................................37Economy- Consumer Confidence -Lowers Electric Prices .............................................................................................................................38Economy- AT: consumers will have to pay more for electricity ....................................................................................................................41Economy- Consumer Confidence RPS creates jobs ........................................................................................................................................42Economy- Jobs Key to Economy ....................................................................................................................................................................43Economy- Consumer Confidence – Biz Con I/L .............................................................................................................................................44Economy- RPS prevents LNG use ..................................................................................................................................................................45Economy- LNG Terrorist attacks likely ...........................................................................................................................................................46Solar- RPS
Offshore Wind .........................................................................................................................................................................54Wind- Ag Econ Add On ...................................................................................................................................................................................55Wind- Helps Rural Farmers .............................................................................................................................................................................56Wind- Farms key to econ .................................................................................................................................................................................57Wind- Industrial agriculture Impact ................................................................................................................................................................58LFG- RPS Promotes LFG ................................................................................................................................................................................59LFG- Acid Rain Add on ...................................................................................................................................................................................60LFG- Acid Rain Kills Bio D ............................................................................................................................................................................61LFG- Bio D Impact- Hunger ...........................................................................................................................................................................62LFG- Bio D Impact- Health .............................................................................................................................................................................63LFG- Warming ADD On .................................................................................................................................................................................64LFG- Solves warming .....................................................................................................................................................................................65LFG- Solves Water Pollution ..........................................................................................................................................................................66LFG- Odors ......................................................................................................................................................................................................67LFG- Creates Livable communities .................................................................................................................................................................68LFG- Solves Lower Property values ...............................................................................................................................................................69LFG- AT: Not enough landfills ........................................................................................................................................................................701
 
Wildcat Debate Workshop <Renewable Portfolio Standards>
Volcanoes ..........................................................................................................................................................77Geothermal- Volcano to Super volcano I/L .....................................................................................................................................................78Geothermal- Volcanoes Impacts ......................................................................................................................................................................79Geothermal- Lowers CO2 emissions ...............................................................................................................................................................82 Nuclear power- RPS Prevents/Shuts down ......................................................................................................................................................83Disads- AT: Oil Disad ......................................................................................................................................................................................84Counterplans- AT: States .................................................................................................................................................................................85Counterplans- AT; XO .....................................................................................................................................................................................89Counterplans- AT: Alternative mechanisms ...................................................................................................................................................90Counterplans- AT: Feed-in laws CP- ..............................................................................................................................................................91Counterplans- AT: Tendering policy CP- ........................................................................................................................................................92Counterplans- AT: Voluntary ..........................................................................................................................................................................93Kritiks- AT: Libertarianism / Coercion ...........................................................................................................................................................94Politics- RPS bipartisan ..................................................................................................................................................................................95Politics- Solar Bipartisan ................................................................................................................................................................................96Politics- GOP Dislikes Solar ............................................................................................................................................................................97Politics- Plan Popular ......................................................................................................................................................................................98Politics- Green Tech Unpopular ......................................................................................................................................................................99Politics- Senate Support .................................................................................................................................................................................100Politics- Solar Popular ...................................................................................................................................................................................101EIA Indicts .....................................................................................................................................................................................................102Electric Power Research Institute Indicts ......................................................................................................................................................103Random- RPS spreading Internationally .......................................................................................................................................................105Random- Random Electric Bad .....................................................................................................................................................................106 Neg- States solvency/Federalism UQ ............................................................................................................................................................108 Neg- States C/P for Solar ...............................................................................................................................................................................109 NEG- LNG Protected .....................................................................................................................................................................................110 Neg- Geothermal BAD ..................................................................................................................................................................................111 Neg- Geothermal Bad Earthquake Turn .....................................................................................................................................................113 Neg- LFG bad ................................................................................................................................................................................................115 Neg- AT: LFG solves methane warming ........................................................................................................................................................116 Neg- AT: Solar ...............................................................................................................................................................................................117 Neg- Biomass
 
Wildcat Debate Workshop <Renewable Portfolio Standards>
1AC
Observation 1- InherencyNo Federal RPS now
Barkenbus, Research Scientist at ISSE, October 2006.Environment Mag., Putting Energy Efficiency in a Sustainability Context, accessed 7/7/08, Vol. 48, p. 11More than 20 states now have opted for renewable portfolio standards (RPS) that require a certain percentage of electricity to begenerated from renewable resources. The U.S. Senate has passed a federal RPS in recent past sessions but has had no support from either the House of Representatives or the executive branch. With a federal RPS containing a renewable target of at least 10 percent of electricitygeneration by 2020. the nation would be making a feasible and significant commitment toward sustainability
Plan- The United States Federal Government should substantially increase alternative energy incentives inthe United States by implementing a Federal Renewable Portfolio Standard starting at nine percent andincreasing by one percent per year until sunset requirements of equal market competitiveness emerge; untilthen the renewable requirements must be met in terms of electricity production from one or more of thefollowing: wind, solar, geothermal or landfill gas sources, with an non compliance fee of three times the priceof renewable energy credits. Funding and enforcement guaranteed.Observation 2- SolvencyA RPS non compliance penalty of 3 times the price of Renewable energy credits would ensure compliance— empirically proven
 Nancy
Rader
, Policy Advisor American Wind Energy Association. The Mechanics of a Renewables Portfolio Standard Applied at theFederal Level, American Wind Energy Association.
1997
http://www.awea.org/policy/rpsmechfed.html accessed July 08, 2008For generators that fall short of the required number of credits at the end of the reporting period, an automatic penalty for non-complianceis assessed. The amount of the penalty is three times what it would have cost to purchase each REC that the generator should haveacquired. This penalty is estimated to be about 3¢ to 5cents¢ per RE--C—high enough to encourage full compliance, yet not so high as toencourage litigation. The high penalty level is intended to make the policy self-enforcing by avoiding the need to resort to costlyadministrative and enforcement measures. It is modeled after the federal SO2 allowance trading program, under which an automatic$2,000/ton penalty (indexed to inflation) is imposed for each excess ton of SO2 produced. SO2 credits are trading currently at about $100each, though costs were originally projected to fall between $500 and $1500. Because of the high penalty associated with noncomplianceunder the SO2 allowance program, which took effect in 1995, the EPA did not take a single enforcement action in the policy's firsteffective year. Another similar program is NEPOOL's capacity reserve requirement, under which each participant is fined $105/kW-year for capacity shortfalls. This is well in excess of compliance costs, and has successfully deterred non- compliance (though the fine has been assessed and paid on several occasions).
RPS should require a slow gradual increase in percentage requirements—this is the only way to stabilize therenewable market
 Nancy
Rader
, Policy Advisor American Wind Energy Association. The Mechanics of a Renewables Portfolio Standard Applied at theFederal Level, American Wind Energy Association.
1997
http://www.awea.org/policy/rpsmechfed.html accessed July 08, 2008An RPS is best designed to preserve the existing level of renewable energy serving the nation and then to gradually increase the percentage requirement to achieve greater diversity over time. A yearly increase in the standard would create the best conditions for renewable energy suppliers since it would prevent "boom and bust" cycles that might be caused by large percentage increases that occur every five years or so. A constant, predictable market will also foster lower costs since renewable energy industries will not have to gothrough cycles of layoffs and rehiring, losing human resources and institutional memory along the way. If the RPS is set to take effectwithin a short time after its adoption, it should begin at a level that is slightly less than the amount of energy which can be delivered bythe existing renewable energy generators in order to create competition among those generators at the outset. If the policy becomeseffective far enough in the future to allow new renewable facilities to come on line, giving generators the ability to bargain effectively for 3

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