Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Standard view
Full view
of .
Add note
Save to My Library
Sync to mobile
Look up keyword or section
Like this
1Activity
×
P. 1
RSS Aff Blocks 6

RSS Aff Blocks 6

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,216|Likes:
Published by AffNeg.Com

More info:

Published by: AffNeg.Com on Jan 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See More
See less

10/16/2011

 
Tradeable Permits Aff Blocks- Wave 6.0
**Case Debate** ..............................................................................................................................................................................3AT: Permits Hard to Administer .......................................................................................................................................................3AT: Permits Hard to Administer .......................................................................................................................................................4**DAs** ..........................................................................................................................................................................................5AT: Natural Gas (Notes) ...................................................................................................................................................................5AT: Natural Gas ...............................................................................................................................................................................6AT: Natural Gas ...............................................................................................................................................................................7AT: Natural Gas ................................................................................................................................................................................8Ext. Prices High Now .......................................................................................................................................................................9**Elections** .................................................................................................................................................................................10Obama Will Win ............................................................................................................................................................................10Ext. Obama Win .............................................................................................................................................................................11Mcain Will Win ..............................................................................................................................................................................12Ext. Mccain Win- Swing States .....................................................................................................................................................13Ext. Gas Prices Key- Colorado ......................................................................................................................................................14Ext. Gas Prices Key- Florida ..........................................................................................................................................................15Ext. Gas Prices Key- Michigan ......................................................................................................................................................16Ext. Gas Prices Key- Michigan ......................................................................................................................................................17Ext. Gas Prices Key- Evangelicals .................................................................................................................................................18**Politics** ....................................................................................................................................................................................19Political Capital Low ......................................................................................................................................................................19Political Capital High .....................................................................................................................................................................20**Counterplans** ..........................................................................................................................................................................21AT: States CP ..................................................................................................................................................................................21AT: States CP ..................................................................................................................................................................................22AT: States CP ..................................................................................................................................................................................23AT: State Action = Fed Modeling ...................................................................................................................................................24AT: Executive Order CP .................................................................................................................................................................25AT: Executive Order CP .................................................................................................................................................................26Ext. Roll Back ................................................................................................................................................................................27**The K** ......................................................................................................................................................................................28State Good ......................................................................................................................................................................................28State Good ......................................................................................................................................................................................29AT: Externalization K .....................................................................................................................................................................30AT: Externalization K .....................................................................................................................................................................31Ext. No Alt Solvency ......................................................................................................................................................................32Ext. Individual Action Fails ...........................................................................................................................................................33Ext. Perm Solves ............................................................................................................................................................................34AT: Localism K ..............................................................................................................................................................................35AT: Localism K ..............................................................................................................................................................................36AT: Localism K ..............................................................................................................................................................................37Ext. Individual Action Fails ...........................................................................................................................................................38AT: Bio-power K ............................................................................................................................................................................39AT: Bio-Power K ............................................................................................................................................................................40**Updates** ...................................................................................................................................................................................41Oil Prices Up ..................................................................................................................................................................................41Oil Prices Down .............................................................................................................................................................................42US Econ Up ....................................................................................................................................................................................43US Econ Down ...............................................................................................................................................................................44**Notes**-Many of the perms on the K’s need for you to insert the specific’s of their alternative. For instance the perm to do the plan andthe alt in every other instance needs for you to insert what the alt does. If you’re confused… ask!-All of the Localism Impact turns apply to Externalization and vice versa, insert accordingly
1
 
-There is a Notes page for AT: Natural Gas DA- Read them
2
 
**Case Debate**
AT: Permits Hard to Administer 
Cap-and-trade is easy to administerBarnes 07
(Peter, founder of a solar energy company, president of Working Assets Long Distance, author of two books,“Carbon Capping: A Citizen’s Guide”, Tomales Bay Institute, April. Date Accessed 7-27-08
 
)
An upstream cap would be easy to administer because only a few hundred companies bring fossil fuels into theU.S.
 
During the
course of a
year these companies would have to own permits equal to the carbon content of theirfuels. Once a year they’d ‘true up’ and pay a penalty if they don’t own enough permits. All carbon would becovered by the cap, and no smokestacks would need to be monitored. 
A cap-and-trade system would be easy to implementPlatts 08
(Leading global provider of energy and metals information, McGraw-Hill Companies, “USCap-and-Trade System”, March 4. Date Accessed 7-27-080
)
A program to control carbon dioxide emissions through a cap with
an
emissions
-allowance
trading
 program thatincludes a "safety valve"
would be
"significantly
more efficient
" than an inflexible annual cap on CO2, theCongressional Budget Office said in a new study in February.
A cap-and-trade program that includes
a price ceilingfor emission allowances -- also known as
a "safety valve
" --
could be
relatively
easy to implement and link withother GHG emission reduction programs set up by other developed countries,
CBO said in the report, "PolicyOptions for Reducing CO2 Emissions."
Permit Systems are flexible, easier to apply than a carbon taxDeLong 08
(Brad, Economist, June 5, “Why Cap and Trade Beats a Carbon Tax”, Date Accessed 7-27-08,
 
)But, realistically, what would happen in such an event? Would
Congress
sit idly by as fuel-oil costs exceeded monthlymortgage payments? Would they tell their constituents that, sorry, nothing they can do about $15-a-gallon gasoline prices, we set our cap and now we have to stick with it? Of course not. They
would tweak the cap-and-trade systemin one of any number of ways:
they might
allow companies to borrow emissions credits
from future years, or theymight
implement a "safety valve"
allowing the government to auction off new emission credits at a certain price, or they might simply raise the cap. Alternatively, of course,
they could take the unexpected excess revenue from thecap-and-trade auctions and start mailing large checks to everybody in the country, thereby helping to cancel outthe ill effects of higher energy prices.
The one thing you can be pretty sure would not happen is that
Congress wouldhappily take the cap-and-trade windfall revenue and use it to, say, pay down the national debt.
Although even thatwould have social value which would offset the negative social effects of higher energy prices. But what of the scenariowhere emissions permits are auctioned off at a relatively low price, and then suddenly skyrocket in the secondarymarket, giving no windfall to the government? Well, for one thing, the value of next year's permits has just gone up, sothe windfall will come.
And for another thing, given that most people bought their emissions permits at arelatively low price, and that it's only the marginal permits which are expensive, the effects on actual energyprices would likely not be huge.
In other words, as I've said many times in the past,
cap-and-trade is flexible. Onceyou've installed the mechanism, it can and will be tweaked over time. Changing tax rates, by contrast, is muchharder. Which is why cap-and-trade is superior to a carbon tax.
3

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->