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36665424 Six Stroke IC Engine

36665424 Six Stroke IC Engine

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Published by Sajin Ramesh

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Published by: Sajin Ramesh on Jun 29, 2012
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06/29/2012

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6 STROKE IC ENGINE _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1) History of the IC engine
[1]
: Nikolaus August Otto first designed what is known as the Otto engineor simply the 4 stroke internal combustion engine. Conversion of heat energyliberated by the combustion of the fuel into mechanical energy which rotated thecrankshaft was the basic principle of this engine. The 4 stroke engine worked on the principle of the Otto cycle .The 4 stroke engine comprises of the intake stroke,compression stroke, power stroke and finally the exhaust stroke. Fuel was injected inthe intake stroke and power from the fuel was derived in the 3
rd
stroke i.e. the power stroke which used the heat energy released by the combustion of the fuel. This 4stroke engine forms the basis of all modern vehicles used till date.1.2) Basic Working of the 4 stroke engine
[1]
:1)Intake stroke: The fuel enters the combustion chamber due to the pressuregradient formed in the chamber by the downward motion of the piston whichalso results in the half cycle rotation on the crankshaft. The work needed to push the piston is provided by cranking.
figure 1: Intake stroke
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
1
 
6 STROKE IC ENGINE _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
2)Compression stroke: The piston moves upwards resulting in increase of  pressure and the fuel is ignited by the spark plug when the piston reaches thecover end. The work for this upward motion is again provided by cranking.The crankshaft rotates 1 complete cycle at the end of the 1
st
and 2
nd
stroke.
Figure 2: Compression stroke
3)Power stroke: Due to explosive reaction of the fuel air mixture huge amount of heat is generated in the engine which drives the piston downwards whichforms the power stroke as shown in the figure
Figure 3: Power stroke
4) Exhaust stroke: Finally the piston moves upwards resulting in the removal of theexhaust gases via the exhaust valve. Huge amount of heat is lost by this process.
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
2
 
6 STROKE IC ENGINE _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Figure 4: Exhaust stroke
1.3) Disadvantages of the 4 stroke engine:1)High fuel consumption: Fuel is injected once in 2 complete cycles of thecrankshaft.2)Cooling system is required for continuous heat removal which is a major loss1.4) Concept of the 6 stroke IC engine:The 6 stroke ICE is an advancement over the existing 4 stroke ICE which employsthe same principle as that of the 4 stroke ICE. The 5
th
stroke or the second power stroke uses the heat evolved in the exhaust stroke (directly or indirectly) as heatrequired for the sudden expansion of the secondary fuel (air or water) which pushes the piston downward for the 2
nd
power stroke thereby rotating thecrankshaft for another half cycle. As heat evolved in the 4
th
stroke is not wasted,the requirement for a cooling system is eliminated.Here fuel is injected once in every 3 complete cycles of the crankshaft whichis anytime better than a 4 stroke ICE where fuel is injected once in 2 completecycles of the crankshaft. It should be noted that efficiency of the 6 stroke ICE ismore than the existing 4 stroke ICE.2 major type of secondary fuels used in the 5
th
stroke are air and water. Many types of 6-ICE have now been designed on these 2fuels of which few important types will be discussed.
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
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