SQ Solves - Acid Rain
1. Acid Rain Program is already solving in many areas – EPA studies proveDeegan
EPA has released a report that further documents the success of its Acid Rain Program in reducing acid rain insensitive ecosystems of the United States. The most recent data confirm a large and widespread decrease in wetsulfate deposition (i.e., acidic precipitation) across broad areas of the northeastern and upper midwestern UnitedStates.
Acid rain includes both wet deposition (rain, snow, and fog) and dry deposition (gases and particles) of sulfate.
According to the report, the amount of wet sulfate deposited to lakes and streams declined by approximately 40 percent in the 1990s, significantlyreducing the number of these systems affected by acid deposition. Regional declines in surface water sulfate can be directly linked to declines in emissions and the deposition of sulfur that have occurred since the 1990 CleanAir Act Amendments.
Highlights of the report show:
Eight percent of lakes in the Adirondacks are currently acidic, down from 13 percent in the early 1990s.
Fewer than one percent of lakes in the Upper Midwest are currently acidic, down from three percent inthe early 1980s.
Other areas have yet to show clear signs of recovery.
2. Acid Rain Program already solving SO2 emissionsEnvironmental Protection Agency
(http://www.epa.gov/airmarkt/progress/arp06.html“Acid RainProgram 2006 Progress Report”)The Acid Rain Program (ARP) has reduced SO2 emissions by more than 6.3 million tons from 1990 levels, or about 40 percent of total power sector emissions. In 2006, annual SO2 emissions from ARP units fell sharply,with reductions of 830,000 tons from 2005 levels. Reduced demand, decreases in oil use because of fuel prices,and early Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) compliance all appear to be factors in this decline.
3. EPA trading programs already decreasing SO
and NOx levelsEPA
[The Environment Protection Agency of the United States Governmenthttp://www.lexisnexis.com.proxy1.cl.msu.edu:2047/us/lnacademic/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T4136101152&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T4136092448&cisb=22_T4136101155&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=8146&docNo=3]Emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide have dropped 53% and 30%, respectively, since 1990 because of federal cap-and-trade policies and other requirements on industry, the Environmental Protection Agency said inan April 30 report. The report, "Air Quality and Emissions? Progress Continues in 2006," is the agency's annualupdate on the effectiveness of air pollution control requirements. EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson creditedthe Bush administration for the emissions cuts because it has targeted emissions from industry and motor vehicles. "The data is in and the trends are good? Our nation's air continues to improve because of the Bushadministration's innovative clean air policies," he said in a statement. "By tackling tailpipes and smokestacks,EPA is clearing the air, and all Americans are breathing easier.”The SO2 and NOx trading programs areresponsible for much of the drops in air pollution. New EPA SO2 and NOx caps, issued in March 2005, aim tocut power plant emissions more than 80% from current levels by 2015.