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10/16/2011

 
RPS Aff & Neg1
Michigan Debate Institutes 2008
IndexAffirmative
Index ..............................................................................................................................................................................................1RPS 1AC Contention 1 & Plan ..................................................................................................................................................3RPS 1AC – Fossil Fuels Adv .........................................................................................................................................................4RPS 1AC – Fossil Fuels Adv .........................................................................................................................................................5RPS 1AC – Fossil Fuels Adv .........................................................................................................................................................6RPS 1AC – Fossil Fuels Adv .........................................................................................................................................................7RPS 1AC – Fossil Fuels Adv .........................................................................................................................................................8RPS 1AC – Fossil Fuels Adv .........................................................................................................................................................9RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................10RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................11RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................12RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................13RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................14RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................15RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................16RPS 1AC Competitiveness Adv ...............................................................................................................................................17RPS 1AC Terrorism Adv ..........................................................................................................................................................18RPS 1AC Terrorism Adv ..........................................................................................................................................................19Environment Ext RPS Reduces Coal Use ................................................................................................................................20Competitiveness Ext – Competitiveness Key to Heg / Heg Impact ............................................................................................21Terrorism Ext – Concessions on Climate Key to Coop & Heg ...................................................................................................22 No Renewables Now ...................................................................................................................................................................23A2: RPS Bad Arguments *** ......................................................................................................................................................24A2: No Enforcement ....................................................................................................................................................................25A2: No Transmission / Infrastructure ..........................................................................................................................................26A2: States CP ..............................................................................................................................................................................27A2: States CP ...............................................................................................................................................................................28A2: States CP ..............................................................................................................................................................................29A2: States CP ..............................................................................................................................................................................30A2: Clean Coal DA *** ...............................................................................................................................................................31A2: Clean Coal DA – Support Decreasing ..................................................................................................................................32A2: Clean Coal DA – Doesn’t Solve Environment .....................................................................................................................33A2: Clean Coal DA – Renewables Better ...................................................................................................................................34A2: Clean Coal DA – Neg Evidence Biased ...............................................................................................................................35A2: Obama DA A2: Obama Winning Now ..............................................................................................................................36A2: Obama DA – No Support for RPS ........................................................................................................................................37A2: Obama DA – Energy / Climate Not Key to Election ............................................................................................................38A2: Obama DA All Purpose Impact Answer ............................................................................................................................39A2: Obama DA – Middle East Ans .............................................................................................................................................40A2: Obama DA – Soft Power Ans ...............................................................................................................................................41A2: Obama DA Appeasement Turn ..........................................................................................................................................42A2: Obama DA Appeasement Turn ..........................................................................................................................................43A2: Obama DA Appeasement Turn ..........................................................................................................................................44A2: Obama DA – A2: Disad Turn the Case .................................................................................................................................45A2: Topicality – Incentives Can be Positive or Negative ............................................................................................................46A2: Topicality – Incentives Can be Positive or Negative ...........................................................................................................47Renewables Inevitable .................................................................................................................................................................48Solvency Jurisdictional Conflicts .............................................................................................................................................49Solvency No Compliance / Enforcement .................................................................................................................................50Solvency Standards Won’t be Met ...........................................................................................................................................51Solvency Transmission Upgrades Needed ...............................................................................................................................53A2: Environment Adv – RPS Won’t Reduce Coal Use ...............................................................................................................54A2: Environment Adv – RPS Won’t Help Environment .............................................................................................................55A2: Terrorism Adv – Threat Declining / No Spillover ................................................................................................................56
 
RPS Aff & Neg2
Michigan Debate Institutes 2008
A2: Terrorism Adv – Cooperation Now ......................................................................................................................................57A2: Competitiveness Adv – Internal Links Ans ..........................................................................................................................58A2: Competitiveness Adv – RPS Will Push Jobs Overseas ........................................................................................................59A2: Competitiveness Adv – RPS Won’t Increase Competitiveness ............................................................................................60A2: Competitiveness Adv – Hegemony Ans ...............................................................................................................................61States CP 1NC ..........................................................................................................................................................................62States CP Modeled by the USFG .............................................................................................................................................63States CP – States Solve Better than National RPS .....................................................................................................................64States CP A2: Federal RPS Key ...............................................................................................................................................65States CP – A2: Uniformity Necessary ........................................................................................................................................66States CP – A2: Federal Government Key to REC .....................................................................................................................67Clean Coal DA 1NC .................................................................................................................................................................68Clean Coal DA 1NC .................................................................................................................................................................69Clean Coal DA – Clean Coal / Coal Industry Increasing ............................................................................................................70Clean Coal DA RPS Links .......................................................................................................................................................71Clean Coal DA – Environment Impact ........................................................................................................................................72Clean Coal DA – Competitiveness Impact ..................................................................................................................................73Clean Coal DA – Pollution / Economy Impact ...........................................................................................................................74Clean Coal DA Economy Impact .............................................................................................................................................75Obama DA 1NC .......................................................................................................................................................................76Obama DA 1NC .......................................................................................................................................................................77Obama DA – Obama Winning Now ............................................................................................................................................78Obama DA – Public Supports RPS / Renewables .......................................................................................................................79Obama DA – Internal Links / A2: McCain Will Keep Distance from Bush ...............................................................................80Obama DA – Energy Issues Key to the Election .........................................................................................................................81Obama DA A2: Economy is Key Issue ....................................................................................................................................82Obama DA 2NC Soft Power Impact ........................................................................................................................................83Obama DA – Solves the Case ......................................................................................................................................................84Obama DA A2: Appeasement Turn ..........................................................................................................................................85Topicality – Incentives Exclude Regulations – 1NC ...................................................................................................................86Topicality – Incentives are Positive .............................................................................................................................................87
 
RPS Aff & Neg3
Michigan Debate Institutes 2008
RPS 1AC – Contention 1 & Plan
Contention 1 is the Status Quo( ) Renewable Portfolio Standards being adopted by individuals States is creating an uncertain regulatoryenvironment for investors and fueling market distortions. Only a federal RPS can create a diverse and predictablenational renewable marketDr. Sovacool, & Cooper, 7
– *Senior Research Fellow for the Network for New Energy Choices in New York and AdjunctAssistant Professor at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University in Blacksburg, VA and ** Executive Director of the Network for New Energy Choices(Benjamin K. Sovacool, also a Research Fellow at the Centre for Asia and Globalization at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy and Christopher Cooper, Electricity Journal, “Big Is Beautiful: The Case for Federal Leadership on a NationalRenewable Portfolio Standard,” May 2007, vol. 48, no. 4, Lexis-Nexis Academic) // JMPState-based renewable portfolio standards (RPS) create regulatory uncertainty for investors and inherent inequities amongratepayers. Ultimately, federal legislation can help create a more just, diverse and predictable national market for renewableresources without significantly increasing aggregate electricity prices."There are times when we are 50 states and there are times when we're one country and have national needs. And the way Iknow this is that Florida did not fight Germany in World War II or establish civil rights." - (the fictional) President JosiahBartlett, The West WingArguably, we face no greater national priority than crafting a coherent national energy strategy. Americans face energychallenges over the next several decades - growing dependence on foreign sources of fuel, continued exposure to the threat of terrorist sabotage,1 increasing vulnerability to impending climate change, and environmental threats - that demand progressive federal leadership. Yet federal legislation to establish a national renewable portfolio standard (RPS) has failed noless than 17 times in the past 10 years.While supporting state-based RPS efforts, the Bush Administration has officially opposed a national RPS on the grounds thatit would create "winners" and "losers" among regions of the country and increase electricity prices in places where renewableresources are less abundant or harder to cultivate.2 In the meantime, 21 states (and the District of Columbia) have adoptedtheir own RPS mandates, and eight others - Florida, Indiana, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Utah, Vermont, andVirginia - are considering some form of RPS.With so much state-level action, one might be tempted to agree with the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association(NRECA) that "activities on a number of fronts supplant the need for a federal RPS."3 But looks can be deceiving. Becausethe accumulated demand for electricity is expected to accelerate over the next several decades, the penetration of renewableenergy technologies in individual states, while noteworthy, is not likely to substantially alter the national fuel mix nor materially address the energy risks we all face.Framing the debate as a choice between a perfectly functioning, undistorted energy market and a clunky, artificial federalintervention, opponents of a national RPS tend to ignore the unique drawbacks associated with a complex web of state-basedmandates.4 Indeed, the most compelling argument for federal action is that a national RPS may help correct many of themarket distortions brought about by a patchwork of inconsistent state actions. Not only does reliance on state-based actionmake for an uncertain regulatory environment for potential investors, it creates inherent inequities between ratepayers insome states that are paying for "free riders" in others. Ultimately, federal legislation can help create a more just, more diverseand more predictable national market for renewable resources without significantly increasing aggregate electricity prices. Anational RPS may help correct many of the market distortions brought about by a patchwork of inconsistent state actions.
Thus we present the plan:The United States federal government should require that twenty percent of the electricity produced in the UnitedStates come from renewable energy resources by the year 2020, and establish renewable energy credits to facilitatethis goal.

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