category, while others consider penetrations a form of restoration or teleportation. Some magicians today, suchasGuy Hollingworth
have begun to challenge the notion that all magic effects fit into alimited number of categories. Among magicians who believe in a limited number of categories (such asDarielFitzkee,Harlan Tarbell,S.H. Sharpe), there has been disagreement as to how many different types of effectsthere are. Some of these are listed below.
: The magician produces something from nothing
a rabbit from an empty hat, a fan of cardsfrom thin air, a shower of coins from an empty bucket, adove from a pan,or the magician him or herself,appearing in a puff of smoke on an empty stage
all of these effects are
: The magician makes something disappear
a coin, a cage of doves, milk from a newspaper, anassistant from a cabinet, or even theStatue of Liberty.A vanish, being the reverse of a production, mayuse a similar technique, in reverse.
: The magician transforms something from one state into another
a silk handkerchiefchanges colour, a lady turns into atiger,an indifferent card changes to the spectator's chosen card. Atransformation can be seen as a combination of a vanish and a production.
: The magician destroys an object, then restores it back to its original state
then they are allrestored to their original state.
: The magician causes something to move from one place to another
a borrowed ring isfound inside a ball of wool, a canary inside a light bulb, an assistant from a cabinet to the back of thetheatre. When two objects exchange places, it is called a transposition: a simultaneous, doubleteleportation.
: The magician (an assistant may participate, but the magician himself is by far the most common)is placed in a restraining device (i.e.handcuffsor astraitjacket)or a death trap, and escapes to safety.
Examples include being put in a straitjacket and into an overflowing tank of water, and being tied up andplaced in a car being sent through a car crusher.
: The magician defies gravity, either by making something float in the air, or with the aid ofanother object (suspension)