E-Advanced basedspectral efficiencyto and relay cells,-cost deploymentse. To enhance thetechniques areontrol interference. These techniquesrcell interferenceivers.
day is increasingce improvementson various aspectsultiple antennas),t carriers), andelays). However,cy per link areand LTE, furtherg the deploymentcally deployed as-centric planninga network of basebase stations havens, receiver noisethe (packet) datanrestricted accessions of the macronetwork planning,to maximize theen each other. Asment changes, theing or additionalet limitations andmaintain uniform user experieprocess is complex and iteratfor macro base stations with tdifficult in dense urban ardeployment model isneedbroadband user experience inway.Wireless cellular systems havisolated system(with just ooptimal performance, as deterlimits. Future gains of wirelmore from advanced netwnetworks, utilizing a diversedeployed to improve the specheterogeneous cellular systemcellular system consists of rmacro base stations that typica(~ 5W100W), overlaid witand relay cells, which transmlevels (~ 100mW 2W).
Heterogeneous netwofemto and
The low power cells can beholes in the macro-only systespots. Usually, three typesdistinguished:
Pico nodes are reguldifference of havintraditional macro cellwith omni-directionaindoors and outdoors i
Femto nodes are(unplanned) network with a backhaul facildigital subscriber li
, Germanynce. However, this deploymentive. Moreover, site acquisitionowers becomes more and moreas. Hence, a more flexibled for operators to improvea ubiquitous and cost effectiveevolved to the point where ane base station) achieves nearmined by information theoreticss networks will be obtainedork topology. Heterogeneousset of base stations, can betral efficiency per unit area. Ais depicted inFigure 1. Thisgular (planned) placement of lly transmit at high power levelseveral picocells, femto cellsit at substantially lower power
rk utilizing a mixof macro, pico,relay cells
eployed to eliminate coveragem and improve capacity in hotof low power nodes arear base stations with the onlylower transmit power thans. They are, typically, equippedl antennas and are deployedin a planned manner.typically consumer deployednodes for indoor applicationitated by the consumers homene (DSL) or cable modem.
2011 8th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, Aachen
978-1-61284-402-2/11/$26.00 ©2011 IEEE171