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GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE LAWS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE LAWS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

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Published by mary eng
GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE LAWS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

2007

This Report was prepared for the Committee on African Affairs of the New York City Bar by the lawyers listed below in collaboration with Elizabeth Barad, of the Law Offices of Elizabeth Barad, and Elisa Slattery, of the Center for Reproductive Rights, as part of a pro bono project coordinated by The Cyrus R. Vance Center for International Justice

Prepared by: Enikő Horváth, Monwabisi Zukani, Desmond Eppel, Monica Kays, Abdoul Konare, Yeor
GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE LAWS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

2007

This Report was prepared for the Committee on African Affairs of the New York City Bar by the lawyers listed below in collaboration with Elizabeth Barad, of the Law Offices of Elizabeth Barad, and Elisa Slattery, of the Center for Reproductive Rights, as part of a pro bono project coordinated by The Cyrus R. Vance Center for International Justice

Prepared by: Enikő Horváth, Monwabisi Zukani, Desmond Eppel, Monica Kays, Abdoul Konare, Yeor

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Published by: mary eng on Jun 30, 2012
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11/10/2013

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GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE LAWS INSUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
2007
 
 
 
This Report was prepared for the Committee on African Affairs of the New York City Bar by thelawyers listed below in collaboration with Elizabeth Barad, of the Law Offices of ElizabethBarad, and Elisa Slattery, of the Center for Reproductive Rights, as part of a pro bono projectcoordinated by The Cyrus R. Vance Center for International JusticePrepared by: Enik 
ő
Horváth, Monwabisi Zukani, Desmond Eppel, Monica Kays, AbdoulKonare, Yeora S. Park, Ekaterina Y. Pischalnikova, Nathaniel Stankard and Tally Zingher With the assistance of: Alana F. Montas and Nicole ManaraGraphic Design: Asma Shafi
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
 -i-I.
 INTRODUCTION 
.............................................................................................................1
 A.
 
Objectives...............................................................................................................2
 
 B.
 
 Political & Social Context.....................................................................................2
 
C.
 
General Legislative Recommendations................................................................3
 II.
 INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK 
................................................................................4
 A.
 
Treaties/Conventions............................................................................................5
 1.
International Instruments
.......................................................................52.
Regional Instruments
...............................................................................7
 B.
 
 Declarations, Resolutions and Other Pronouncements by Various International Bodies.............................................................................................8
 
C.
 
Statutes and Jurisprudence of International Tribunals....................................10
 1.
International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslaviaand for Rwanda
......................................................................................102.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
............................13
 D.
 
 Prohibition on Sexual Violence as an Established Norm of Customary International Law and an Emerging Jus Cogens Norm...................................14
 III.
CONSTITUTIONAL TREATMENT 
.............................................................................15IV.
 NATIONAL LEGISLATION ON SEXUAL VIOLENCE
.............................................18
 A.
 
 Rape.....................................................................................................................18
 1.
Substantive Definitions
..........................................................................19Item 1. “Rape”........................................................................................19Item 2. “Penetration” / “Sexual Intercourse”.........................................21Item 3. “Consent”...................................................................................23Item 4. “Force” / “Violence” / “Coercion”............................................242.
Aggravating Circumstances
..................................................................263.
Defenses
...................................................................................................28Item 1. Marriage as a Defense to Rape..................................................28Item 2. Marrying the Victim..................................................................304.
Penalties
..................................................................................................30Item 1. Imprisonment.............................................................................30Item 2. Compensation............................................................................31
 B.
 
Sexual Assault.....................................................................................................32
 

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