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Topologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid

Topologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid

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Published by Jason Warden
"The decoherence of both quantum states and quantum
channels represents a major hurdle in the quest for the
realization of scalable quantum devices."

Probably the most accurate statement that could be said. The challenge of creating devices and taking various quantum states and effects into account is the most difficult part of the challenge. Nanoscale products have been on the market for only a few years comparatively speaking. Products on the quantum scale would include things like matter compression technology (parking your car in your pocket). De-materialization and Re-materialization of objects accurate to the quantum level allows for not only the buffering and storage of information/objects, but also the utilization of various networks currently employed around the world to send these objects around the world and cut shipping costs to virtually zero.

The technological ideas (and physics) presented in this paper are truly amazing and inspiring. The authors dedicated to the science have also dedicated themselves to the future of mankind, and possible preservation of the human race.

Credit to Harvard and those who worked very hard to verify the accuracy of this paper.
"The decoherence of both quantum states and quantum
channels represents a major hurdle in the quest for the
realization of scalable quantum devices."

Probably the most accurate statement that could be said. The challenge of creating devices and taking various quantum states and effects into account is the most difficult part of the challenge. Nanoscale products have been on the market for only a few years comparatively speaking. Products on the quantum scale would include things like matter compression technology (parking your car in your pocket). De-materialization and Re-materialization of objects accurate to the quantum level allows for not only the buffering and storage of information/objects, but also the utilization of various networks currently employed around the world to send these objects around the world and cut shipping costs to virtually zero.

The technological ideas (and physics) presented in this paper are truly amazing and inspiring. The authors dedicated to the science have also dedicated themselves to the future of mankind, and possible preservation of the human race.

Credit to Harvard and those who worked very hard to verify the accuracy of this paper.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jason Warden on Jun 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/21/2012

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Topologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid
N. Y. Yao
1
†∗
, C. R. Laumann
1
,
2
, A. V. Gorshkov
3
, H. Weimer
1
,
2
, L. Jiang
3
, J. I. Cirac
4
, P. Zoller
5
, M. D. Lukin
1
1
Physics Department, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 
2
ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 
3
Institute for Quantum Information, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 
4
Max-Planck-Institut fur Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Strase 1, Garching, D-85748, Germany 
5
Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria 
These authors contributed equally to this work and 
e-mail: nyao@fas.harvard.edu 
(Dated: October 19, 2011)Topology plays a central role in ensuring the robustness of a wide variety of physical phenomena.Notable examples range from the robust current carrying edge states associated with the quantumHall and the quantum spin Hall effects to proposals involving topologically protected quantummemory and quantum logic operations. Here, we propose and analyze a topologically protectedchannel for the transfer of quantum states between remote quantum nodes. In our approach, statetransfer is mediated by the edge mode of a chiral spin liquid. We demonstrate that the proposedmethod is intrinsically robust to realistic imperfections associated with disorder and decoherence.Possible experimental implementations and applications to the detection and characterization of spin liquid phases are discussed.
The decoherence of both quantum states and quantumchannels represents a major hurdle in the quest for therealization of scalable quantum devices [1, 2]. Severalavenues are currently being explored to address theseimportant challenges. For example, quantum repeaterprotocols are expected to improve the fidelity of quan-tum state transfer – the fundamental building block of quantum communication [3, 4]. Similarly, quantum errorcorrection can significantly extend the lifetime of quan-tum memories and suppress the errors associated withquantum logic operations [5, 6]. The practical realiza-tion of these technologies, however, requires a high levelof quantum control that is as yet, not experimentally ac-cessible. An alternative paradigm to achieving protectedquantum states is provided by topology; indeed, if suchstates can be stored in the topological degrees of freedomof certain exotic states of matter, they become intrinsi-cally robust against local noise [7–12].The implementation of robust long-lived quantummemories can also be achieved by encoding quantum bitsin appropriately chosen physical degrees of freedom. Forexample, the natural isolation of nuclear spins immunizesthem from the environment and makes them an excep-tional candidate for the storage of quantum information[13–18]. Such solid-state spin qubits can be locally cou-pled with high fidelities, enabling the realization of few-bit quantum registers [14, 16]. However, spatially remoteregisters interact extremely weakly; thus, in this context,the challenge of scalability is shifted to the developmentof quantum channels capable of connecting remote regis-ters in a robust and noise-free fashion [19–21].This article describes a novel approach to the realiza-tion of intrinsically robust quantum channels and exploitstopological protection to enable high-fidelity quantum in-formation transport. We envision quantum state transferbetween remote spin registers to be mediated by a 2D sys-tem composed of interacting spins. Specifically, the spinsystem is tuned into a gapped chiral spin liquid phase,which harbors a fermionic edge mode. The prototypeof this specific chiral spin liquid is the gapped B phase(CSLB) of the Kitaev honeycomb model [22]. Althoughsuch a phase is best known for its non-Abelian vortexexcitations, here, by operating at finite temperaturesbelow the gap, we make use of its Majorana fermionicedge mode as a topologically protected quantum channel.Moreover, we discuss possible applications of our proto-col for the spectroscopic characterization of spin liquidstates [23].
APPROACH TO TOPOLOGICALLYPROTECTED STATE TRANSFER
Our approach to quantum state transfer is schemati-cally illustrated in Fig. 1. Quantum information is en-coded in a two-qubit spin register, with each qubit ca-pable of being individually manipulated. The register iscoupled to the edge of a two-dimensional spin droplet,whose elements we assume cannot be individually ad-dressed but can be globally “engineered” to create a spinliquid state in the CSLB phase. The transfer protocolproceeds by mapping the quantum information stored inthe left-hand spin-register onto the chiral edge mode of the droplet. The resulting wavepacket traverses the edgebefore retrieval at the remote register.A distinct feature of our protocol, as compared withprevious approaches [20, 21, 24–26], is the fundamen-tal robustness of the quantum channel. The chiral na-ture of the fermionic edge mode ensures that destruc-tive backscattering during state transfer is highly sup-pressed; moreover, the characteristic (linear) dispersionof the edge-mode ensures that wave packet distortion isminimized. Finally, we demonstrate that our approachis remarkably insensitive to disorder and decoherence af-
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