Thermal Core technology was de-veloped by applying the latest sci-entific knowledge of air jet behav-ior. The team responsible for itsdevelopment utilized data providedby the world’s leading air distribu-tion scientists. Computerized math-ematical modeling was used to de-velop prototype models that werethen tested in the most modern labo-ratories available. The thermal-corediffusers were subjected to the mostrigorous testing and conditions pos-sible. Thermal-imaging was used tostudy the exact air distribution en-velope, the interaction of the pri-mary air stream with room ambientair, and resultant thermal gradients.An array of highly sensitive air flowand temperature sensors were in-stalled in the laboratory to form agrid system allowing the ambientroom circulation, mixing and tem-perature gradient to be studied. Anair distribution performance index(ADPI) was thus determined for the
Vena Contracta is formed pulling room air back into the jet nozzle and mixing it with the primary supply air stream. Theinduction accomplished through the nozzle and within 4 1/2 inches of the diffuser outlet has a ratio of 2.35:1. Thismeans that for every CFM of supply air 2.35 CFM is introduced to the room. Induction continues throughout itsthrow due to the high mass and velocity of the individual circular jets. These two principles account for the very highoverall induction ratio. The diagram illustrates induction of room air into the supply jets exiting a
diffuser. Room air adjacent to the supply jets is entrained into the stream, expanding the jet and transferring heat to it.Within a few inches from the diffuser, the temperature of the supply air has increased to the extent that “dumping” of cold air into the living space does not occur.
diffusers, when applied within thesuggested guideline application pro-cedures. Deviation from guidelineapplication procedures will de-grade the performance of any dif-fuser, but degradation can now bepredicted.Primary air temperature from 35
F were introduced throughthe thermal core diffusers.
Research and Development