Candidate No. 89493
concluding note with further recommendations for the civil society organisations toenhance their activism and make the Act a successful one.
Civil society organisation and activism
In today’s world where claims of social justice are increasing, the role of
civil societyorganisations is increasing. The claims for social justice are based on two differentprinciples. The first is redistributive and the second is recognition. Both theperspectives give a foundation for activism to the civil society organisations. Theredistributive principle of social justice emphasises the just distribution of resourcesand materials whereas the second is based on political recognition. (Fraser 2008, p. 1).To establish the redistributive and recognition justice all the civil societyorganisations emphasise activism. Activism ensures the empowerment of people andtheir effective participation in the whole process. The two concepts of the civil societyorganisation and activism form the structure and function of a process where the CSOgives the structural foundation and the activism ensures the functional base.In order to understand civil society and activism and their role in ensuring the rights,it is necessary to define civil society organisation and activism. The question,
‘Whatis a civil society organisation?’ does not come up with a single answer, which means
it is a source for a diverse collection of different political aspirations (Fine 1997, p.7).
‘Civil society is the sphere of public activity of private individuals
who believe them
to be endowed with rights and act as autonomous subjects’ (Kumar 2000, p. 2776).
The concept of civil society has been considered as an effective mechanism by whichto develop and sustain democracy (Zompetti 2006, p. 167). Thus the notion of rightsand activism is crucial in the life of a civil society organisation. Individuals with a