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SYOK ANAFILAKTIK

SYOK ANAFILAKTIK

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Published by mila89matrial

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Published by: mila89matrial on Jun 30, 2012
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07/21/2013

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SYOK ANAFILAKTIK
Dibuat :Puspita Permata Sari (406107074)Pembimbing :
Dr. Wahyu Hendarto Sp.An, MM. KesKepaniteraan Klinik Anestesiologi dan Terapi IntensifRumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kota SemarangFakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara Jakarta
 
DEFINISI
Anafilaksis berasal dari bahasaYunani, dari 2 kata,
ana 
: jauhdan
phylaxis 
:perlindungan 
Anafilaksis merupakan reaksialergi sistemik yang berat yangditandai oleh adanya hipotensiyang nyata akibat vasodilasimendadak pada pembuluh darahdan disertai kolaps padapembuluh darah yangmenyebabkan kematian.
Tiba-tiba segera setelah terpaparoleh alergen atau pencetuslainnya.
Reaksi Hipersensivitas Tipe I
 
ETIOLOGI
 
ANAFILAKSIS (MELALUI IG-E)
 
ANAFILAKTOID (TIDAK MELALUIIG-E)
 
Antibiotik (penisilin,sefalosporin)
Ekstrak alergen (tawon,polen)
Obat (glukokortikoid,thiopental, suksinilkolin)
Enzim (kemopapain, tripsin)
Serum heterolog (antitoksintetanus, globulin antilimfosit)
Protein manusia (insulin,vasopresin, serum)
Zat pelepas histaminsecara langsung
Aktivasi komplemen
Protein manusia(imunoglobulin dan produkdarah lainnya)
Bahan dialisis
Modulasi metabolisme as.arakidonat
Asam asetilsalisilat
NSAIDs
Sumber : Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, Edisi ke-5,Jilid 1
 

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