1ACOBSERVATION ONE: ENERGY GENOCIDE
THE AMERICAN ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY WAS FOUNDED ON THEEXPLOITATION OF NATIVE AMERICANS AND INDIAN TRIBAL LANDS –LAND CONFISCATION, DEATH, DISEASE, AND ENVIRONMENTAL RUIN HAVEBEEN THE RESULT – TO THIS DAY, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONTINUESTHESE PRACTICES BY DISCOURAGING TRIBAL PARTICIPATION IN THEENERGY INDUSTRY
La Duke, Economist and Native American activist, ‘04(Winona, Indigenous People, Power, Politics: A Renewable Future for theSeventhGeneration,http://www.honorearth.org/media/pdfs/multimedia/books/Indigenous%20Peoples%20Power%20and%20Politics.pdf)
“The history of the American electric power industry is the story of America’s rise to world-wide economic preeminence. For Indian Tribes, it is a history of injustice and abuse of powerby the federal government as well as hostility to Tribal political and economic interests by thestates.Whether the subject is fossil fuels, nuclear energy or hydropower, the story is thesame. In spite of treaties and the Federal Indian trust protection responsibility to the contrary,Indian resources were confiscated for the benefit of others at the expense of Indian people.Through forced land sales, Indian removal and through abuse of the federal trusteeship, Tribeswere denied fair participation in any phase of development of America’s electricityindustry.The legacy continues today. Indian Tribes contribute vast amounts of their energyand water resources to American electric supply and energy security but receive so little inreturn. The Tribes in the Four Corners states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utahprovide the mineral and water resources that supply Southern California with one quarter of its electricity supply. Three million people in Southern California depend on Indian resourcesfor their economic and social well-being. The Tribes of the upper Missouri River Basin hadlands and waters confiscated to build the federal water projects on the Missouri River. Thoseprojects give the non-Indian economies in the region over $1.5 billion in economic benefit.These examples illustrate that no peoples give more than Indian Tribes and receive less inreturn. Tribal citizens pay among the highest electricity rates in the country, have the highestpercentage of homes without electricity, and have the least control over the quality of electricservice. The Navajo Nation, for example, the country’s most prolific energy tribe, has some50,000 people without regular electric service. No other group of Americans has suffered morefrom energy development in terms of pollution, radioactive waste, lost homelands flooded forfederal water projects and the social destruction that results from one group’s exploitation of another.To be sure, America fully expected Indian Tribes to disappear. This legacy too lives onas governmental policies and industry practices still discourage Tribal participation. But thingsare changing! – Council of Energy Resource Tribes.