Water treatment; non-radioactive: (principles of ion exchange)
There are three major reasons for water treatment:
To minimize corrosion, this is enhanced by impurities.
To minimize radiation levels in the reactor facility.
To minimize fouling of heat transfer surfaces.
Water treatment begins when local water sources first enter the plant site. The firstpurification steps are taken here by mixed bed or layered type demineralizers. Mix-bedmeans that both cation and anion resins are mixed in the tanks and separated in the layeredtype.
These tanks, valves, resin and piping allow for regeneration of the resin beads, back flushing, fluffing, and rinsing.
Normally, these systems allow for one train to be on line at all times and are monitored bythe auxiliary operator throughout his watch.
Outlet alarms of high conductivity are sent locally and to the control room.
Charting output is continuously monitored and can alert the operator when regeneration of the resin bed is required.
Below is an illustration of demineralizer units.