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Chemistry Unit 4

Chemistry Unit 4

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Published by M J Rhoades
chemistry
chemistry

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Published by: M J Rhoades on Jun 30, 2012
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09/24/2013

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NUPT-215
Nuclear Plant Chemistryunit 4
1
Bismarck State college
Welcome to chemistry NUPT-215
Instructors name
Principles of water treatment
Note: 
The content of this course is the property of Bismarck State College and is protected by copyright law. Bismarck State College gives visitors and students permissionto copy documents from this course for study purposes only. Distribution or retrieval for commercial use is strictly prohibited without prior written permission from Bismarck State College. © Bismarck State College
 
 
2
Overall Objective:
without reference, explain the concept and application of ion-exchange in water purification.
Enabling objectives:
List the three reasons for removing impurities from water prior touse in reactor systems.
Define the following terms:
ion-exchange
Demineralize
Cation
Anion
Polymer
Mixed-bed demineralizer
Affinity
Decontamination factor
Describe:
the following
Resin bead
Cation resin
Anion resin
Discuss
the following factors of ion-exchange
Relative affinity
Decontamination factor
Write
the reaction for removal of NaCl and CaS
O
4
, by a mixed-bedion-exchanger such as one containing HOH resin.
Explain
the three basic methods used to remove dissolved gases fromwater.
List
five filtration mediums used to remove suspended solids from water.
Explain
how mix-bed exchangers may be used to control pH.
Explain
the concept of reverse osmosis.
 
 
3
Water treatment; non-radioactive: (principles of ion exchange)
 
There are three major reasons for water treatment:
To minimize corrosion, this is enhanced by impurities.
To minimize radiation levels in the reactor facility.
To minimize fouling of heat transfer surfaces.
Water treatment begins when local water sources first enter the plant site. The firstpurification steps are taken here by mixed bed or layered type demineralizers. Mix-bedmeans that both cation and anion resins are mixed in the tanks and separated in the layeredtype.
These tanks, valves, resin and piping allow for regeneration of the resin beads, back flushing, fluffing, and rinsing.
Normally, these systems allow for one train to be on line at all times and are monitored bythe auxiliary operator throughout his watch.
Outlet alarms of high conductivity are sent locally and to the control room.
Charting output is continuously monitored and can alert the operator when regeneration of the resin bed is required.
Below is an illustration of demineralizer units.

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