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Geographic Information System(GIS)
A Geographic information system is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate,analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. The acronym GIS is sometimesused for geographical information science or geospatial information studies to refer to theacademic discipline or career of working with geographic information systems
means of coding, storing, and retrieving the data about the aspects of earth’s surface,
because these data can be accessed, ,transformed, and manipulated interactively for studyingenvironmental process, analyzing the results for trends ,or anticipating the possible resultsof planning decisions.
Definition Of GIS
“In common parlance, a geographic information system or GIS is a configuaration of computer hardware and software specifically designed for the acquisition, maintainance anduse of cartographic data.” C. Dana Tomlin
“A geographic information system(GIS) is an information system that is designed to work with data referenced by spatial or geographic coordinates. In other words, a GIS is bothadatabase system with specific capabilities for spatially
referenced data, as well as a set of operations for working data. In a sense, a GIS may be thought of as a higher
order map.” jeffery Star and John Estes
“GIS is A powerful set of tools for collecting, storing, retrieving at will, transforming anddisplaying spatial data from the real world for a particular set of purpose.”Peter A.Burrough ,1986
“GIS is a computer based system that provides for sets of capabilities to handlegeoreferenced data: data input, data management(data storage and reteival), manipulationand analysis and data output.”
Finally, we can say,
A geographic information system (GIS) integrates hardware, software,and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographicallyreferenced information.