Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Dot Matrix Printer

Dot Matrix Printer

|Views: 52|Likes:
Published by thecoolshubh007

More info:

Published by: thecoolshubh007 on Jun 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Q)What is the working principle of dot matrix , laser and inkjet printer?Ans: Dot Matrix Printer:A dot matrix printer or impact matrix printer is a type ofcomputer printerwith a printhead that runs back and forth, or in an up and down motion, on the page and prints byimpact, striking an ink-soaked cloth ribbon against the paper, much like the printmechanism on atypewriter.However, unlike a typewriter ordaisy wheel printer,letters are drawn out of adot matrix,and thus, varied fonts and arbitrary graphics can beproduced. Because the printing involves mechanical pressure, these printers cancreatecarbon copiesandcarbonless copies.  Each dot is produced by a tiny metal rod, also called a "wire" or "pin", which is drivenforward by the power of a tinyelectromagnetorsolenoid,either directly or through small levers (pawls). Facing the ribbon and the paper is a small guide plate (often made of anartificial jewel such assapphireorruby
)pierced with holes to serve as guides for thepins. The moving portion of the printer is called the print head, and when running theprinter generally prints one line of text at a time. Most dot matrix printers have a singlevertical line of dot-making equipment on their print heads; others have a few interleavedrows in order to improve dot density.Fig: DOT MATRIX PRINTER
 LASER PRINTER:There are typically seven steps involved in the laser printing process:1) Raster image processing2)Charging3)Exposing4)Developing5)Transferring6)Fusing7)CleaningLaser printers use electrophotography, or an electrophotostatic process, to formimages on paper. The basis of the principles involved here is the science of atoms
oppositely-charged atoms are attracted to each other, so opposite static electricity fields
cling together. It’s hard to imagine that this has anything t
o do with printing, but inactuality, this is precisely what makes laser printers work.Each horizontal strip of dots across the page is known as arasterline orscan line.  Creating the image to be printed is done by a Raster image processor (RIP), typicallybuilt into the laser printer. The source material may be encoded in any number ofspecial page description languages. The RIP uses the page description language togenerate a bitmap of the final page in the raster memory.
Inside the laser printer is a drum, or photoreceptor. It’s made of highly photoconductive
material that reacts to light, and is electrically charged by the corona wire. As the drumturns, a laser beam shines on it, discharging specific areas. This pattern of discharged
areas is ultimately what determines the images that’ll be printed.
 The next step is to coat this pattern with a fine black powder called toner. The toner hasbeen given a positive charge, which allows it to stick just to the pattern, and not the restof the area. The pattern of toner is then attracted magnetically onto the paper, which ispassing the drum on a belt. Then the paper is discharged, which releases it from thedrum.Now that the image or pattern is on the paper, we have to make sure it stays there.
That’s done by heated rollers, called the fuser, which melt the toner particles right into
the paper. The paper is then pushed into the output tray, and you have your printedpage.
 fig: laser printerInkjet printers:Inkjet printers literally spray liquid ink through a miniature nozzle similar to your gardenhose nozzle. These printers are very quiet and are moderately priced. And the print
quality rivals that of a laser printer. Here’s how they do that.
 The printhead contains 4 cartridges of different colored ink: cyan (blue), magenta,yellow and black (CMYK). It moves along a bar from one side of the paper to the other,writing as it goes. The formatting information and data sent to it activates the chambersof the ink cartridges.When the designated nozzle is selected, an electrical pulse flows through thin resistorsin the ink chambers that form the character to be printed. The resistor is heated andused to heat a thin layer of ink in each selected chamber, causing the ink to boil or
expand to form a bubble of vapor.This expansion causes pressure on the ink, which pushes it through the nozzle onto thepaper. Your page is printed..Fig: Inkjet Printer

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->