LASER PRINTER:There are typically seven steps involved in the laser printing process:1) Raster image processing2)Charging3)Exposing4)Developing5)Transferring6)Fusing7)CleaningLaser printers use electrophotography, or an electrophotostatic process, to formimages on paper. The basis of the principles involved here is the science of atoms
oppositely-charged atoms are attracted to each other, so opposite static electricity fields
cling together. It’s hard to imagine that this has anything t
o do with printing, but inactuality, this is precisely what makes laser printers work.Each horizontal strip of dots across the page is known as arasterline orscan line.
Creating the image to be printed is done by a Raster image processor (RIP), typicallybuilt into the laser printer. The source material may be encoded in any number ofspecial page description languages. The RIP uses the page description language togenerate a bitmap of the final page in the raster memory.
Inside the laser printer is a drum, or photoreceptor. It’s made of highly photoconductive
material that reacts to light, and is electrically charged by the corona wire. As the drumturns, a laser beam shines on it, discharging specific areas. This pattern of discharged
areas is ultimately what determines the images that’ll be printed.
The next step is to coat this pattern with a fine black powder called toner. The toner hasbeen given a positive charge, which allows it to stick just to the pattern, and not the restof the area. The pattern of toner is then attracted magnetically onto the paper, which ispassing the drum on a belt. Then the paper is discharged, which releases it from thedrum.Now that the image or pattern is on the paper, we have to make sure it stays there.
That’s done by heated rollers, called the fuser, which melt the toner particles right into
the paper. The paper is then pushed into the output tray, and you have your printedpage.