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Published by Avinash Anant

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Published by: Avinash Anant on Jun 30, 2012
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is a political ideology that involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with anation. There are two main perspectives on the origins and basis of nationalism, one is the primordialistperspective that describes nationalism as a reflection of the ancient and perceived evolutionarytendency of humans to organize into distinct grouping based on an affinity of birth; the other is themodernist perspective that describes nationalism as a recent phenomenon that requires the structuralconditions of modern society, in order to exist .There are various definitions for what constitutes anation, however, which leads to several different strands of nationalism. It can be a belief thatcitizenship in a state should be limited to one ethnic, cultural, religious, or identity group, or thatmultinationality in a single state should necessarily comprise the right to express and exercise nationalidentity even by minorities.There are two major bodies of thought on the causes of nationalism, one is the modernist perspectivethat describes nationalism as a recent phenomenon that requires the structural conditions of modernsociety, in order to exist; the other is the primordialist perspective that describes nationalism as areflection of the ancient and perceived evolutionary tendency of humans to organize into distinctgrouping based on an affinity of birth.
Countries today, including us, promote nationalism with flags and patriotic media. Right nationalism isindividualized characteristics between nations. Wrong nationalism is enslaving the populace. Howcountries today promote nationalism is mainly flags but others are international sports can promotenationalism along with money and currency and also having one main language for the country. Thereisnt really a right or wrong way to promote nationalism but there is just different ways to promote it.
Depends on what you mean by nationalism. Nationalism can vary from simply being national pride orpatriotism (which are generally seen as being positive attitudes) to rampant bigotry and parochialismwhereby anything "foreign" is vilified and rejected (Nazism/Fascism are extreme examples of this).Generally, nationalism is used to describe the more negative concepts as opposed to the more positiveones. Nationalism is linked either directly or implicitly to racism, racial conflicts and bigotry whereby thepopulation is indoctrinated to behave in frenzied and unquestioning manner.However, if the word is used without judegement the positives are:1) Patriotism and national pride. This is opposed to national apathy or even self hatred of ones nationand its culture.2) Civic pride whereby people consider the wellbeing of the nation to be important in their everydaylives. JFK said it best when he pronounced "think not what your country can do for you, think what youcan do for your country".3) A more cohesive society so long as nationalism is not linked to racial qualities. True positive
nationalism embraces newcomers and instills them with the same pride in their new homeland thatthose born there already have.Negatives are:1) Bigotry and intolerance. Human nature being what it is tends to corrupt concepts that should bepositive. Isolationism, racism and ethnic conflict are common.2) Facism. The extreme is always a possibility once the door has been opened.3) Simplistic thinking and population control through propaganda. Nationalism by its nature tends not toallow deversity of opinions and this results in accusations of disloyalty. As soon as you hear people shoutphrases such as "un-American", "un-British" and "un-Australian" etc etc around, its a sign of peoplehijacking national identity to quell the views of their oponents.4) Expolitation of the people by their leaders. JFK's already quoted statement can also have ahorrendous aspect to it: reducing citizens to mindless drones to be exploited whereby the governmentdoes not serve the people, the people serve the government.5) The creation of false enemies. Either in the form of actual people or in concepts, nationalism tends tocreate the existance of opposing forces, those who are a threat to the nation. Usually, these are notreally a threat at all but are perceived so because they do not conform. Homosexuals, religious groups,ethnic groups, conscientious objectors, foreign powers and new ideas are all frequently portrayed as"wrong" or a threat.
 Like Italy, Germany had quite a few serious issues to resolve once unification took place. [ Regionaldifferences, developing since the first settlement of the Germanic tribes during the Roman Empire,were distinct, and local princes refused to give up substantial power to the central government. TheBerlin assembly, therefore, was kept weak. Germany, like the United States under the Articles of theConf 
ederation, seemed merely a loose of confederation of autonomous states. In Germany’s case,
one state, Prussia, was absolutely dominant due to its size, power, and military strength. However,the creation of a unified Germany in central Europe marked one of the greatest revolutions in thehistory of international relations. Since the establishment of nation-states in Europe, France, underthe Valois-Bourbon royal line, dedicated its foreign policy to the weakening of Habsburg (Austrian andSpanish royal families) and the continued disunity of the Germanic provinces. Now that centralEurope was united into two major powers
Germany and Italy
Europe was quite a different place.What would now become of the traditional balance of power in place since the defeat of Napoleon?The whole point had been that no one nation should gain excessive power and strength on theContinent. Zionists used their belief in their racial supremacy, like most Europeans did at the time, to justify their colonization and dispossession of Palestine from its true owners. The Arab savage (theythought) could never understand what Palestine means to a Jew, for they could not have possiblyattained the spiritual cognizance that was innate in Jews vis-a-
vis their connection to eretz y’israel.

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