186CONSUMER REPORTS BUYING GUIDE 2012The verdict is calculated fromthe total number of problemsreported by subscribers in alltrouble spots. Our calculationsgive extra weight to problemswith major engine and trans-mission systems, the coolingsystem, and the drive systembecause they can be seriousand expensive to repair.
NEW CAR PREDICTIONS
To determine the New Car Pre-diction, we averaged a model'sUsed Car Verdict for the mostrecent three years, providedthe vehicle did not changesignificantly in that time andwasn't redesigned for 2010or
We have found thatseveral model years' data area better predictor than thesingle most recent model year.One or two years' data maybe used if the model was rede-signed in 2010 or 2009, or ifthere were insufficient datafor more years. Sometimes weinclude a prediction for a mod-el that is new or has been re-designed, provided its reliabilityhistory or the manufacturer'strack record has been consis-tently above average. "NA"means there were insufficientdata for a prediction.
WHAT THE TROUBLE SPOTSINCLUDEEngine, major:
Enginerebuild or replacement,cylinder head, head gasket,turbo or supercharger,timing chain or timing belt.
Oii leaks, acces-sory belts and pulleys, enginemounts, engine knock or
antifreeze leaks, waterpump, thermostat, overheating.
Trans-mission rebuild or replace-ment, torque converter, pre-mature clutch replacement.
Gearselector or linkage, coolersand lines, rough shifting, slip-ping transmission, leaks, trans-mission computer, transmis-sion sensor or solenoid, clutchadjustment, hydraulics (clutchmaster or slave cylinder).
joint, wheel bearing(s),differential,transfer case,4WD/AWD components, drive-line vibration, electrical failure.
Check enginelight, sensors (inciudes 02 oroxygen sensor), emission con-trol devices (inciudes EGR),engine computer, fuel cap,fuel gauge/sender, fuel injec-tion system, fuel pump, fuelleaks, stalling or hesitation.
Alternator, starter,hybrid battery and related sys-tems, regular battery, batterycables, engine harness,
ignition switch, electronic
distributor or rotor failure,spark plugs and wires failure.
Blower(fan) motor, A/C compressor,condenser, evaporator, heatersystem, automatic climatecontrol, refrigerant leakage.electrical failure.
Shocks or struts,ball joints, tie rods, wheelbearings, alignment, steeringlinkage (includes rack andpinion), power steering, wheelbalance, springs or torsionbars,bushings, electronic orair suspension.
Premature wear, pul-sation or vibration, squeaking,master cylinder, calipers,antilock brake system (ABS),parking brake, brake failure.
Muffler, pipes,catalytic converter, exhaustmanifold,leaks.
Paint (fading, chalk-
cracking, peeling), looseexterior trim or moldings, rust.
Squeaks orrattles, seals, and/or weatherstripping, air or water leaks,loose interior trim and mold-ings, wind noise.
Windows,locks and latches, tailgate,hatch or trunk, doors orsliding doors, mirrors, seatcontrols, safety belts, sunroof,convertible top, glass defect.
Power equipment and acces-sories:
Cruise control, clock,warning lights, body controlmodule, keyless entry, wipermotor or washer, tire pressuremonitor, interior or exteriorlight, horn, gauges, 12V power
alarm or security system.
Audio systems,entertainment systems, naviga-tion system, backup camera/sensors, communication system.