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64 QAM Modulator Demodulator Matlab

64 QAM Modulator Demodulator Matlab

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Published by: Alexandru Dragos Dimofte on Jun 30, 2012
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Agilent N4391AOptical Modulation Analyzer
Data SheetGet insight into amplitude, phase andpolarization modulated optical signals
 
2
Introduction
The N4391A optical modulation analyzer is a new type of optical test instru-ment for in-depth analysis of optical transmission signals operating withadvanced modulation format.The instrument is based on a 90000 Infiniium oscilloscope, a special version ofthe 89600 vector signal analysis software and an optical polarization-diversecoherent receiver. Depending on the test needs, the instrument can be config-ures to best fit the application. In addition it is possible to use a non-Agilentdata acquisition system.The Agilent 89600 vector signal analysis software is a very flexible tool for in-depth analysis, leveraging the know-how of the RF world into the optics world.The optical coherent receiver is ready to support comprehensive characteriza-tion of data rates up to and beyond 100Gbit/s, depending on the data acquisi-tion unit and modulation scheme.New analysis tools for the optics world imported from the RF-world, offercomprehensive characterization of complex modulation, and offer new ways tocharacterize the new parameters needed to qualify transmission of 100Gbit/sover a 50 GHz-wide channel with advanced modulation formats.
Optical constellationdiagramHigh resolutionnarrow-band spectrumError vector magnitudeper symbolEye diagramI CarrierEye diagramQ CarrierError summary/symbol table
Features and Benefits
Wide-bandwidth time-domain

polarization-diverse coherentoptical receiver, for state-of-the-art advanced modulation formatanalysis.Specifications for instrument

performance.Real-time sampling for optimal

phase tracking.Highest flexibility, with numerous

modulation formats, analysis toolsand instrument configurations.In-depth analysis of optical

transmitters and links with newanalysis tools, such as constella-tion diagram with masks and errorvector analysis.Optical constellation diagram

with quantitative description ofconstellation errors for precisedescription of the transmitter,making test results comparable.Full support of DQPSK/DPSK with

polarization multiplexed signals.No clock input or hardware clock

recovery necessary.Long pattern analysis available

depending on selected data stor-age option.Real-time high resolution spectral

analysisLaser linewidth measurement

Bit Error Analysis, even with

polarization multiplexed signalsFlexible hardware and software

concept for future adoption tonew requirements and investmentprotection.
Figure 1.
 
3
Applications
The N4391A’s most common application is the test of optical transmitters andsubcomponents like modulators and modulator drivers. In this application, theoutput of the transmitter is connected to the N4391A. Now the transmitterbiasing can be aligned in real-time and the constellation diagram shows poten-tial distortions and imbalances between the I (in-phase axis) and Q (quadratureaxis) carriers of the x and y polarization planes (Option 210/211).An alternative application uses the transmitter laser as local oscillator for thecoherent receiver of the modulation analyzer. In this applications any frequencyoffset between the carrier and local oscillator is avoided. This setup can beused to avoid any phase noise introduced by the local oscillator of the coherentreceiver (Option 220).Especially for modulator testing, it is useful to access the instrument’s internallocal oscillator. This signal, available at the output of the optical receiver, can befed into the input of an optical modulator to provide the carrier. As in the setupabove, no frequency offset occurs in the system, eliminating all uncertainties dueto frequency offset or phase noise of the local oscillator (Option 211/ 220).These applications are closely related to transmitter characterization. In systemswhich use advanced modulation formats, tests at the receiver side of the transmis-sion are also needed to compare the impairments of the transmission line to thequality of the constellation of the signal. For this kind of test, results provided bythe optical modulation analyzer depend on the internal data processing. Differentdata processing in the user’s receiver may result in a different bit error ratio thanmeasured by the test instrument.Signal input
Transmitter laserBeamsplitterX-planemodulatorY-planemodulatorPolarizationcombiner
Figure 2.
Signal inputLocal oscillator input
Transmitter laserBeamsplitterX-planemodulatorY-planemodulatorPolarizationcombiner
Figure 3.
BeamsplitterX-planemodulatorY-planemodulatorPolarizationcombiner
Figure 4.

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