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Automobile Parts and Function

Automobile Parts and Function

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Published by Mohith Choudhary

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Categories:Types, Reviews, Book
Published by: Mohith Choudhary on Jul 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/13/2013

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Chapter 1The Automobile
3
Figure 1-3.
Compare body-over-frame and unibody construction.A—In body-over-frame construction, the chassis parts bolt to astrong perimeter frame.The body bolts to this thick steel frame.B—Unibody vehicles do not have a separate perimeter frame.Chassis components bolt directly to the unibody assembly.(DaimlerChrysler, Saab)Sheet metalpanelsDoorbeamsA-pillarB-pillarC-pillar
B
FrameEngineTransmissionDrive shaftMufflerGas tankTireWheel
A
In
 body-over-frame construction
,the frame consistsof thick steel members. The chassis parts and the bodybolt to this frame. Also called full frame construction orperimeter frame construction,this design is heavy butstrong. Body-over-frame construction is used on full-sizecars,vans,pickup trucks,and sport-utility vehicles(SUVs). See
Figure 1-3A
.With
unibody construction
,sheet metal body panelsare welded together to form the body and frame. Alsocalled
space frame construction
or
unitized construction
,this is the most common type of configuration used tobuild small and medium passenger cars. Unibody con-struction reduces weight,improves fuel economy,andhas a high strength-to-weight ratio. However,unibodyvehicles are not as strong as those with body-over-frameconstruction. See
Figure 1-3B
.
Body Types
Automobiles are available in several body types,including the sedan,hardtop,convertible,hatchback,andstation wagon. In addition,the minivan,the sport-utilityvehicle,and the pickup truck have become increasinglypopular.A
 sedan
is a car that has front and back seatsand will carry four to six people. It has center body pil-lars,or “Bpillars,between the front and rear doors,
Figure 1-4A.
Both two-door and four-door sedans areavailable.
4
Section 1Introduction to Automotive Technology
Figure 1-4.
Note the various vehicle body styles.A—Sedan.B—Convertible.C—Hatchback.D—Station wagon.E—Minivan.F—Sport-utility vehicle.(Toyota, Ford, Honda, Mazda)
BACDEF

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