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Nijo Griha Nijo Bhumi Prakalpa

Nijo Griha Nijo Bhumi Prakalpa

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Published by Bdo Bharatpur-i

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Published by: Bdo Bharatpur-i on Jul 01, 2012
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02/12/2014

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GuidelinesforImplementationof"NijoGribaNijoBhumi"Prakalpa.(NGNB)
west
Bengal
1.Objectiveofthescheme
ThecoremandateofLandReformProgrammesinIndianstatesincludingtheStateofWestBengalsofarhasbeenabolitionofintermediaries,vestingofceilingsurpluslandandacquisitionofhomesteadforlandlessagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermentoensure:(a)"LandtotheTillers,"and(b)"providinghomesteadlandtohomesteadlessfamiliesbelongingtoanyvocation."Despitemoststringentimplementationoflandreformschemesinthepastthreedecades,theStateofWestBengalstillhasalargenumberoflandlessandhomesteadlessfamiliesinitsruralaswellasmunicipalareas.Whilethe59
th
roundofNSSOreportmentionedthat7.32lakhsruralfamiliesarelandlessandhomesteadlessinWestBengal,the
eo"
roundReportpointedoutanimprovedfigureof4.27lakhfamilies.Itwouldbereasonabletotakethisnumbertobe5.5or6lakhsatpresent.Thisnumberistheuniverseforconsiderationunderthenewhomesteadlandallocationschemenamely,NijoGrihaNijoBhumi.
2.
DesignoftheScheme
Deviatingfromthepreviouslandreforms'approachwhichfocusedmostlyonagriculturallanddistributionsinanon-going:distributionmode,theDepartmentofLand&LandReformshasdecidedtoaddressallruralfamiliesthatarecompletelyhomesteadlessandlandlessbyprovidingeachfamilyamaximumof3kathasoflandsuitableforhouseconstructionandhomegardenwithatime-boundapproach.ByusingtheirfamilylabourandwithsupportfromO'ft'lergovernmentalschemesthefamiliesmayconstructtheirownhouseonthislandandgenerateadditionalincome,increasefamilyconsumptionandcalorielevelbyconsumingcrops,vegetables,fruits,eggs,andmilkandmeatfromdomesticanimals,etc.aswellasearnmoneybysellingtheexcessinthemarket.Severalsuchfamilieswouldbegivenlandinonesingleclusterplottofacilitatebothoveralleconomicandsocialbenefits.ThisschemeseeksactivelinkageandconvergencewithimportantandpopulardevelopmentalschemesoftheStateandCentralgovernmentsmeantforruralhouseholds.IndiraAwasYojana(lAY),TotalSanitationCampaign(TSC),MahatmaGandhiNationalRuralEmploymentGuaranteeAct,RajivGandhiVidyutayanYojana,NationalHorticultureMissionandvarioussimilardevelopmentalschemesunderthePanchayatsandRuralDevelopmentDepartment,AgricultureDepartment,BackwardClassesWelfareDepartment,MinqrityWelfareandDevelopmentandMadrasahDepartment,HousingDepartmentSelf-HelpGroup
&
Self-Employmentofthestategovernmentaresomeofthem.
 
.3Officialnameofthescheme3.1.TheschemeisnamedinBengaliasNijoGrihaNijoBhumi(NGNB)andinEnglishitmaybetermedasMyHomeMyLand.3.2EstimatedProjectCostTheDepartmentwillpurchaselandsuitableforhomesteadpurposeatmarketprice.AroughcostofRS
15,000/-
isconsideredastheaveragecostof3kathasoflandinruralareas.PartfundingtothisortotalcostcouldbeexploredfromothersourcesincludingdepartmentalallocationsotherthanL
&
LR.3.3FundingPatternCurrentlythisschemeisfullyfinancedbythestateGovernment.However,CentralGovernmentmayberequestedtofinancetheschemeon75:25basisbetweentheStateGovt.andCentralGovt.sothatalllandlessfamiliescanbehelpedthroughthisinitiativewithinagiventimeframe.3.4EligibilityofbeneficiariesLandlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenfamilieswhoholdnootherlandinanycapacitywhatsoeverandincludestheheirsofsuchpersonandresidingonthelandofotherpersonnothavingfamilyrelation(paternalormaternalorin-laws)willbeeligibletogetthebenefitofthisscheme.Howeverapersonoramemberofthefamiliesofsuchpersonwhoisengagedoremployedinanybusiness,trade,undertakingmanufacture,calling,serviceorindustrialoccupationwillnotbeeligibletogetthebenefitofthescheme.Thetermartisanmeansahandicraftsmanandincludespotter,carpenterandblacksmith.3.5Priorityduringselectionofbeneficiaries
.~,.
Whiletheprogrammefocusesonlandless'andhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermanfamilies,'itisnecessarytofurtherfocusandprioritiseonfamiliesunderthisbroadcateqoryinthefollowingway.
(i)
Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenfamiliesheadedbywomenbelongingtoScheduledTribe.
(ii)
Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenfamiliesheadedbywomenbelongingtoScheduledCaste.
(iii)
Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenfamiliesheadedbywomenbelongingtoMinorityCommunitiesandOtherBackwardClassesCommunities.(iv)Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenfamiliesheadedbywomenbelongingtocastesotherthanScheduledTribe,ScheduledCaste,MinorityandOtherBackwardClasses.
2
 
ScheduledTribe,ScheduledCaste,MinorityandOtherBackwardClasses.
(v)
Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenbelongingtoScheduledTribe.(vi)Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenbelongingtoScheduledCaste(vii)Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,artisansandfishermenbelongingtoMinorityCommunitiesandOtherBackwardClassesCommunities(viii)Landlessandhomesteadlessruralagriculturallabourers,ruralartisansandfishermenotherthanScheduledCaste,ScheduledTribe,MinorityCommunitiesandOtherBackwardClassesCommunities.
3.6.Preliminaryidentificationofpotentialbeneficiaries
Inordertoidentifythedeservingfamiliesaspercriteriaandprioritiessetaboveinsection3.5,LandPurchaseandLandDistribution(LPLD)Committeeshallusethefollowingtwo-stepapproach.(1)Thefirststepistocollectthefollowinglistsoffamiliesfromtherespectiveauthorities:a.SAHAYfamilieslistasupdated,fromthe
GP/BDO/DPRDO/DRDC;
b.Completelandlessfamilies-listfromRuralHouseholdSurvey(RHS)c.PROFLALfamilieslist,from
GP/BDO;
d.WaitinglistoflAYbeneficiariesthathavenoland,fromGP/BDO;e.AntyodoyAnnaYojonalist,fromGP/FoodInspectoratBlock;f.LandlessBargadarlist,fromRIoffice;g.AnyparticularsetoflandlessfamiliesknowntotheGramPanchayat(GP)orknowntoelderlypersonslivinginthevillages.TheselistsprovideastartingpointthattheLPLDCommitteeshallphysicallyidentifythedeservingfamiliesunderthisschemeaccordingtothecriteriasetaboveinsection3.5.Inelusionofafamilyinoneormoreoftheselistsisnotanentitlementforthisprogramme;itonlyprovidesastartingpointforcreatingtheprioritylistofhomesteadrecipients.(2)ThesecondstepisfortheLPLDCommitteetophysicallyverifywhetherthefamiliesintheforegoinglistsfulfilthecriteriasetaboveinsection3.5.Whilephysicallyverifyingwhichfamiliesmeetthecriteriaofsection3.5,theLPLD
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