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Types of Fabric Weaves

Types of Fabric Weaves

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Published by: Pebbles Neysa Vaz on Jul 01, 2012
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02/27/2013

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Types of Fabric Weaves
Submitted by : By TE Online on October 13, 2008 7:46 AMFabric weaveis the pattern for manufacturing a fabric. Theyarnsare used in different ways to produce various effects or weaves. These weaves can be plain and simple as well as artistic anddecorative.Plain weave is the most simple and common type of construction which is inexpensive toproduce, durable, flat having tight surface on which printing and other finishes can be easilyapplied. The examples of plain weave fabrics are crepe, taffeta,organdy, cotton calicos, cheesecloth, gingham, percale,voile and muslin. Satin weave, although more complicated, is a flexible type of weave than the plain weave. It iscalled 'satin' when filament fibers such as silk or nylon are used and is called 'sateen' when short-staple yarns like cotton is used to make it. The satin weave is lustrous with a smooth surface andit drapes in an excellent manner. The examples of satin weave fabrics are bocade, brocatelle,crepe-satin, satin, peau de soie, velvet satin etc.Twill weave is somewhat similar to plain weave. Twill weave is durable,heavier, wrinkle and soil resistant, and is more flexible than plain weave.The examples of twill weave fabrics are covert cloth, drill, jean, jersey,tussah, velvet, worsted cheviot etc.Basket weave is a variation of plain weave in which the fabrics have aloose construction and a flat look. It is more flexible and stronger but lessstable than a plain weave. This weave is used in composites industry,outerwear,monk's cloth and drapery fabrics etc. Jacquard weave is for creating complex patterns on fabrics and is wovenon jacquard loom. The fabrics made through this weave have floats,
 
luster, and are more stable and stretchy than the basic weaves. Some of its examples arematelasse, satin Faconne etc. It is used for upholstery and drapery.  Rib weave is a basic weave which produces ribs on the fabric. Resulting fabric is abrasion andtear resistant examples of which are broadcloth, cord fabric, faille, poplin,taffeta etc. Dobby, a decorative weave results in small designs or geometric figuresall over the woven fabric. It is done through dobby machines. This weaveuses various yarns from very fine to coarse and fluffy yarns to produce avariety of fabrics. The standard dobby weave fabrics are flat andcomparatively fine. Some examples are moss crepe, matelasseetc. Heavy dobby fabrics are used for home furnishings and for heavy apparel.  Leno weave fabric is transparently thin, durable, strong and permitspassage of both light and air through it. Examples of  fabrics with leno weave are gauze,net, tulle etc. The leno weave fabrics are used for light- weight membrane, laminating fabrics, making medium weight blanketsetc.Oxford weave fabrics are made with modified plain weave or basketweave and are generally used for apparels, particularly cotton shirtingmaterials. The fabric is fine, soft and lightweight.Cut pile is a carpet fabric in which the surface of the carpet is made of cutends of pile yarn. It is durable depending upon the kind of fiber used,
 
density of the tufts and the number of twists in the yarn.  Examples of cut pile are cisele velvet, velour , saxony etc. Uncut pile, also called loop pile or rounded loops, produces fabric withoutcutting the ends of yarns as opposed to cut pile. The resulting fabrics arevery strong with which very strong carpets are made. They are also usedfor making towels. Examples are terry cloth, terry velour, moquette, etc.Double knit is a circular knit fabric having loops on both sides. It is madeon circular knitting machines. The constructed fabric is very heavy. Thefabrics such as cotton, wool, silk, rayon and synthetics are used for doubleknit and are made into pants, skirts, tunics,jackets, scarfs, hats,bandages etc.Chenile fabric is usually a soft wool, silk, cotton, or rayon yarn withprotruding pile having fur-like texture which resembles velvet. It isgenerally used for making sweaters,outerwear, upholstery, curtains, rugs,  throws and blankets etc.
 1. Introduction:
 
Fabric are manufactured in wide varieties and design. And the different design and effect is produced on the fabric with the help for various mechanism which is helpful to from different weaves and lots of design which enhances the

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