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diesel locomotive engine

diesel locomotive engine

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TRAININGREPORTONDIESELLOCOMOTIVESubmittedto:Submittedby:MrUmeshKrSharmaChiefInstructorKrishnaPratapSinghDIESELTRAININGCENTREALAMBAGH,LUCKNOWROLLNO:43&DEGREE(MECHANICAL)LucknowPolytechnicLucknowDIESELLOCOMOTIVEINTRODUCTIONAsuccessfuldieselenginewasinventedbyRODOLFDIESELin1987,whichwasof20hp.Itwasofonecylinderengine,whichwasbasedontheprincipleofinternalcombustionengine.Thepressureoffuelandairwasexperimentedinit.Itwasusedfortradingpurposesin1987inAMERICAanditwasof60hpandtwocylinderengine.In1923,afirstdieselenginewasworkingsuccessfully.Itwasof1200hpandtheelectrictransmissionwasinit,whichwasinventedinGERMANY.DIESELELECTRICLOCOMOTIVEItisinventedforrunsthepassengerandluggagetrainonlongtrack.Themaingeneratorstartsbydieselengineinit,duetothis,electricityisproducedandthiselectricityisgiventotractionmotorsbywhichthewheelaremovedthroughgearandaxle,meanslocomotivesismoves.Onthebasesofitiscalledaselectrictransmissionlocomotives.Thisdieselis16cylinderV-shaped4-strokedieselcycleengine.Itscylinder’sboreisof9inchandpiston’sstrokeisof10.5inch.Thisisengineissingleacting.Inthisengine,aturbosuperchargerismountedwhichisstartsbyexhaustgasesforsupercharging.Thesolidfuelinjectionsystemisappliedintheengine.AelectrohydraulicorWoodwardgovernorforcontrollingtheandloadftheengine.Amaingeneratoristightenedatonesideofthemaincrankshaftoftheengine.Aforcedtypelubricatingsystemisappliedforlubricatingofcomponentsoftheengine.Aclosedwatercoolingsystemisappliedforcooltheengine.Thisengineisstartsbythecurrentofthebattery.Init,a28LAV-1systemisappliedforbrakeoflocomotiveandtrainbrake.Itgettingthecompressedairbyexpressor.ThesuperstructureoftheenginelocomotivesmountedontootrymountCoCotypebogie.3axleand6wheeloneachbogie.Onetractionmotorismountedoneachaxlewhichisboundedbytosuspensionbearings.Theelectricitywhichisgivenbymaingeneratortothetractionmotor,isgiventotheaxlegearbypiniongearandbullgear.Bywhichthewheelsstarttomoveandlocomotivesgetsthespeed.Thislocomotivesisdividedinto8group.
 
NosecompartmentDrivercabinControlroomGeneratorroomEngineroomExpressorroomRadiatorroomUnderframeTheendofdriver’scabiniscalledshorthoodandtheendofradiatorroomiscalledlonghood.Whenwestandinthedriver’scabintowardsthenosecompartmentthenourleftsidesislocomotivesleftsidesandourrightsidesislocomotivesrightsides.Whenwestandinthedriver’scabintowardstheradiatorroomthenourrightsidesenginesrightsidesandourleftsidesisenginesleftsides.Theendtowardsthegeneratorroomifengineblockiscalledpowertakeoffendandtheendtowardstheexpressorroomiscalledfreeend.GOVERNORTherearetwotypesofgovernorusedinlocoWDM-2:1. ElectroHydraulicGovernor(E.H.G)2. WoodwardGovernor(WWG)ELECTROHYDRAULICGOVERNOR:MaincomponentArmAArmBSpeedPilotValveClutchCoilSpeedCoilStabilizingCoilReferencespringOvertravelspringandHousingSlabPistonno.1SlabPistonno.2MainShaftOutputshaftFuellimitingshaftLoadControlRhestoteS.PStabilizingPotentiometerOilFilterOilsumpOilLevelGaugeGlassWORKING:4.5literT-77oilfilledinsumpofgovernor.Whenwestartthefuelpumpthenboosterpumpalsostartwhichisattachedwithgovernortheworkofthisgovernoristomaintainthepressureof135pound.Fuelcontrolshaftisattachedwithoutputshaftofgovernor.WhenenginestopsthenArm-AandArm-Batoppositedirectionofeachother.Arm-AatfuelonpositionandArm-Batfueloffposition.Whenfuelpumpstartsthenbatterycontrolgoestostabilizingcoil.Duetothis,armapushedtowardsArm-B.Arm-BstillattachedwithoutputshaftArm-Arotatesfreelyonoutput.Whenwepressedstartswitchthenbatterycurrentgoestoclutchcoil.ThiscoilissituatedinbetweenArm-AandArm-B.Whenitgetcurrentthenitbecomesma
 
gnetandjoinArm-AandArm-B.Bothofthesearmsworkstogetherbyattachingeachotheruntilunlessthecurrentintheclutchcoil.Arm-AandArm-Bcomesatfuelonpositionaftercutofstabilizingcurrentbypressingthestartswitchtostop.Onespeedcoilandstabilizingcoilmountedonthespeedpilot.Referencespringisalsomountedonit.Thesethreecomponentskeepingthepilotvalveinstillpositionbybeingtogether.Thepilotvalvemovesupanddownincaseoflessormorecurrentinanycoil.Andincreasesordecreasesthequantityoffuel.WhenenginestartsthencurrentgoestospeedcoilfromTECHOgeneratororEXCITERalternator.Thiscurrentisposition.WORKINGOFSTABLIZZINGCOIL:Ithasourfourmainoperation:Atthetimeofstartingoftheengine,Arm-AandArm-Bcomesonit.AtthetimeofclosingtheengineitpushedArm-AandArm-Batnofuelposition.Ithelpsthespeedcoilandreferencespringformaintainingtherpmofengine.Itpreventstheenginebyoverspeedduetoimmediateunloading.Note:-ThecurrentofTECHOgeneratorgettingbygovernorthroughAmphenolPlug.WOODWARDGOVERNOR:Thisgovernorworkduetohydraulicpressure.MaincomponentFlyweightassembly(Pilotvalveplungerandbushing,flyweight,speederspring,speedpiston)Speedsettingpilotvalveandbushing,solenoid,AV,BV,CV,DV,triangularplate,bufferpiston.Loadcontrolpilotvalveandbushingservovein,commutator.Overriddingsolenoid,fuellimiter,lubeoilpump,lubeoilshuntdownplunger.WORKINGOFWOODWARDGOVERNORThereisagearatthebottomofthisgovernorwhichisattachedwithcamshaftgearofrightside.Whenthiscameshaftrotatesthenthegearofthegovernoralsorotates.Thepumpwhichissituatedinsidethegovernorsendthelubeoilbythepressuretothedifferentplacesinthegovernorduetorotationofthegearofthegovernor.Theflyweightassemblyjoinedwithit.Thetwoflyweightaremountedontheflyweightassembly.Intheflyweightassembly,thereisapilotvalvebussingandavalveplungerinsideit.Aspeederspringismountedontheflyweightassemblydumper.Flyweightassemblyisalsorotatesbygovernorgear.Whenthisassemblyrotatesthenflyweighttriestoopentotheoutsideduetocentrifugalforce.Duetothis,theflyweightplungerpresseddownwardbutspringpreventtheflyweighttoopentooutsidebypressingit.Duetothis,thepilotvalvemovesupward.Therefore,thepilotvalveatthebalancedpositionduetothepressureofbothflyweightplungerandspringflyweight.Whenweraisethenotchfromthethrottletheplungerofsolenoidpresseddownwardduetocomingthecurrentinthesolenoiditpressedthetriangleplate.Theplatepressingaleveratwhichitisstandwithit.Theplungerpressedduetojoiningthespeedpilotvalvewiththelever.Whengovernoroilpressesthepistonspringbygoingonspeedpistonthenflyweightassemblypressesdownwardandfuelsupplyincreases.WhenthecurrentgoesonlyinDVsolenoidthenitpressesspeedpilotvalvebussing.Duetothis,theoilwhichisonthebottomsurfaceofthepistondrainthesump.Theflyweightassemblymovesupward.Theoilwhichisonthebottomsurfaceofpowerpistonisalsosumpinthedrainduetothisthefuelrack(atthezeropoint)comesatnofuelpositionandtheengineclosed.Whenthepressureofthelubeoiloftheenginedecreasesthenthepressureofthelubeoilatthediaphragminthegovernordecreases.Duetothis,theshuntdownplungergoesoutandtheoilwhichisthegovernor,sumpinthedrain.Duetothisthepowerpistonalsogoesdown.Thefuelcomesatzeropointtheengineclosed.

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