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Gsm

Gsm

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Published by Amir Zman

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Published by: Amir Zman on Jul 02, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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A
radio access network
(
RAN
) is part of a mobiletelecommunicationsystem. It implements aradio access technology.Conceptually, it resides between a devices such as amobile phone,a computer, or any remotely controlled machine and provides connection with itscore network(CN). Depending on thestandard mobile phone and other wireless connected devices are varyingly known as user equipment(UE), terminal equipment, mobile station (MS), etc.. RAN functionality is typically provided by a siliconchip residing in both the core network as well as the user equipments. See the following diagram:
CN/ \/ \RAN RAN/ \ / \UE UE UE UE
Radio access network types:
 
GRAN-GSMradio access network
 
GERAN- essentially the same as GRAN but specifying the inclusion of EDGEpacket radio services
 
UTRAN-UMTSradio access network
It is also possible for a single handset/phone to be simultaneously connected to multiple radioaccess networks. Handsets capable of this are sometimes called dual-mode handsets. For instanceit is common for handsets to support both GSM and UMTS (a.k.a. "3G") radio accesstechnologies. Such devices seamlessly transfer an ongoing call between different radio accessnetworks without the user noticing any disruption in service.
 
 
Core network
:
A core network is the central part of atelecommunication networkthatprovides variousservicesto customers who are connected by theaccess network.One of the main functions is toroute telephone callsacross thePSTN.
 
Primary functions
Core networks
typically providing the following functionality:1.
 
Aggregation
: The highest level of aggregation in a service provider network.2.
 
:The function to decide whether the user requesting a service from thetelecom network is authorized to do so within this network or not.3.
 
Call Control/Switching:
switching functionality may decide based on the"callednumber" that the call be routed towards asubscriberwithin this operator's network or withNumber Portabilitymore prevalent to another operator's network.4.
 
Charging:
Two common types of charging mechanisms found in present day networksare prepaid charging and postpaid charging.
 5.
 
Service Invocation:
Core network performs the task of service invocation for itssubscribers. Service invocation may happen based on some explicit action (e.g.calltransfer)by user or implicitly(call waiting). 6.
 
:Gateways shall be present in the core network to access other networks.Gateway functionality is dependent on the type of network it interfaces with.

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