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Published by: Jasko ಌ Aida on Jul 02, 2012
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SVEU
ILIŠTE U ZAGREBUFAKULTET ELEKTROTEHNIKE I RA
UNARSTVA
DIPLOMSKI RAD br. 1451
PREZENTACIJSKI SUSTAV ZA PAMETNEKARTICE
Tomislav GecegZagreb, rujan 2004.
 
 

 
 !"
 
#$%$&&'
 
 
 
Sadržaj
1.
 
UVOD..............................................................................................................................1
 
2.
 
PAMETNA KARTICA......................................................................................................2
 
2.1.
 
P
OVIJEST
..................................................................................................................4
 
2.2.
 
T
EHNOLOGIJA
...........................................................................................................7
 
2.3.
 
O
SNOVNA SVOJSTVA
.................................................................................................8
 
2.4.
 
S
TANJE PRIJE POJAVE PAMETNIH KARTICA
.................................................................9
 
2.5.
 
P
RIMJENA PAMETNIH KARTICA
..................................................................................10
 
3.
 
OKRUŽENJE PAMETNE KARTICE.............................................................................12
 
3.1.
 
K
ARTI
NA APLIKACIJA I APLIKACIJA TERMINALA
..........................................................13
 
3.2.
 
K
AKO RADI KOMUNIKACIJA KARTICA
-
ITA
?..............................................................14
 
4.
 
SIGURNOST PAMETNIH KARTICA............................................................................20
 
4.1.
 
K
OMUNIKACIJA
........................................................................................................20
 
4.2.
 
S
KLOPOVLJE
...........................................................................................................22
 
4.3.
 
O
PERACIJSKI SUSTAV
..............................................................................................23
 
4.4.
 
P
ROGRAMSKA RJEŠENJA
.........................................................................................24
 
4.4.1.
 
Sigurnosne osobine Java Card tehnologije......................................................25 
 
4.5.
 
M
OGU
E OPASNOSTI I NA
INI OTKLANJANJA
.............................................................28
 
4.5.1.
 
Napad na osobni identifikacijski broj (PIN) prekidom napajanja......................28 
 
4.5.2.
 
Napad prekidom napajanja...............................................................................30 
 
4.5.3.
 
Defragmentacija memorije................................................................................32 
 
4.5.4.
 
Greške u EEPROM-u.......................................................................................33 
 
4.5.5.
 
Vremenski napadi.............................................................................................34 
 
4.5.6.
 
Analiza diferencijalnih grešaka.........................................................................36 
 
4.5.7.
 
Napad analizom potrošnje................................................................................37 
 
4.5.8.
 
Napad analizom razlika u potrošnji..................................................................38 
 
4.6.
 
K
AKO RIJEŠITI PITANJE SIGURNOSTI PAMETNIH KARTICA
?..........................................40
 
5.
 
USPOREDBA RAZVOJNIH PLATFORMI....................................................................41
 
5.1.
 
B
ASIC
C
ARD PAMETNE KARTICE
................................................................................43
 
5.1.1.
 
BasicCard tehnologija.......................................................................................44 
 
5.1.2.
 
ZBasic programski jezik....................................................................................44 
 
5.1.3.
 
Arhitektura BasicCard pametne kartice............................................................45 
 
5.2.
 
J
AVA PAMETNE KARTICE
..........................................................................................49
 
5.2.1.
 
Java Card tehnologija.......................................................................................51
 
5.2.2.
 
Java Card jezi 
 
ni podskup................................................................................52 
 
5.2.3.
 
Arhitektura Java Card pametne kartice............................................................53 
 
6.
 
PRIMJER RAZVOJA KARTI
NOG SUSTAVA...........................................................58
 
6.1.
 
A
PLIKACIJA TERMINALA
H
EALTH
I
NSURANCE
P
ROVIDER
..............................................59
 
6.1.1.
 
Postavke aplikacije HealthInsuranceProvider..................................................60 
 
6.1.2.
 
 
itavanje karti 
 
ne aplikacije na karticu...........................................................61
 
6.1.3.
 
Inicijalizacija kartice..........................................................................................62 
 
6.1.4.
 
Upis korisni 
 
kih podataka na karticu................................................................63 
 
6.2.
 
A
PLIKACIJA TERMINALA
H
EALTH
D
OCTOR
..................................................................64
 
6.2.1.
 
 
itanje podataka korisnika s kartice.................................................................65 
 
6.2.2.
 
Upis podataka na karticu i u bazu podataka....................................................66 
 
6.2.3.
 
Pretraživanje baze podataka korisnika.............................................................67 
 
6.3.
 
K
ARTI
NA APLIKACIJA
H
EALTH
C
ARD
........................................................................68
 
6.3.1.
 
Razvojni put karti 
 
ne aplikacije........................................................................69 
 
6.3.2.
 
Dizajniranje karti 
 
ne aplikacije.........................................................................71
 
6.3.3.
 
Specifikacija funkcija karti 
 
ne aplikacije...........................................................71
 
6.3.4.
 
Odre 
 
ivanje naredbi karti 
 
ne aplikacije............................................................72 
 

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