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CSMA-CA

CSMA-CA

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Published by: ashish_jaywant1283 on Jul 03, 2012
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09/07/2012

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Carrier Sense Multiple Access withCollision Avoidance (CSMA/CA)in IEEE 802.11 Protocol
Shashank Tadakamadla
 
Outline
CSMA/CA Basics
CSMA/CD Basics
 Why CSMA/CA over CSMA/CD?
Need for CSMA/CA in IEEE 802.11 protocol
CSMA/CA Mechanism in 802.11 protocol
 
CSMA/CA
CSMA/CA is a wireless networkmultiple access method inwhich:
  
A carrier sensing scheme isused.
  
A node wishing to transmitdata has to first listen to thechannel for a predeterminedamount of time whether or notanother node is transmitting onchannel within the wirelessrange. If the channel is sensed
idle
”, then the node is
permitted to begin thetransmission process. If the
channel is sensed as “
busy
”, the
node defers its transmission fora random period of time.
Station Waiting toTransmitIs theChannel
Idle
? Wait for randomperiodIs theChannel
Busy
?Transmit Wait for randomperiod
NoYesYesNo

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