Medical studies suggest that smoking can lead to serious health problems forboth the person smoking and the person sitting next to him. Keeping these statisticsin mind, governments all over the world have implemented bans on smoking tobacco
in public places, to the joy of non-smokers and the dismay of those for whom acigarette is a permanent extension of the lips.
Tobacco smoke contains carbon monoxide, a gas which
canseverely reduce the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. It does so by combiningwith the blood pigment haemoglobin and preventing it from carrying the oxygen it
was supposed to.This action of carbon monoxide displays one great advantage of the ban on
smoking in public places. People standing next to the smoker will, against theirwishes, be inhaling the tobacco smoke emanating from the tip of the cigar or
cigarette as well as that exhaled by the smoker. Thus, large quantities of carbon
monoxide will be entering the “victim‟s” blood stream,
wreaking havoc with his redblood cells.Tobacco smoke has also been shown to contain certain carcinogenic compoundswhich have the ability to mutate the DNA of anyone who inhales them, leading toprobable cancers of the lungs, mouth and throats, and also secondary cancers at
other sites in the body. These effects present another case in favour of the ban onsmoking in public. Un-enlightened people standing next to the smoker will be
increasing their risk of getting cancer tenfold.Tobacco smoke also contains nicotine, a chemical which produces the same effectsas adrenaline in the body. Nicotine increases the breathing rate, heart beat andblood pressure of the person who consumes it. Increased blood pressure may lead
to hardening of the arteries, a condition called artherosclerosis. Thus anotheradvantage of the ban comes to light. Non-
smokers who unwittingly inhale “second
hand” smoke are exposed to nicotine and its harmful effects.
Apart from the evident medical and health advantages of the ban on smoking in thepublic, certain social advantages also come to mind. It is a well known fact thatchildren, having impressionable minds, emulate almost everything they see their